Giovanna Leoncini

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The role of serum uric acid as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and renal morbidity is controversial. A better understanding of its relationship with preclinical organ damage may help clarify the mechanism(s) implicated in the development of early cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the association between uric acid and the presence and degree(More)
Increased arterial stiffness has been shown to predict cardiovascular mortality in patients with primary hypertension. Asymptomatic organ damage is known to precede cardiovascular events. We investigated the relationship between a recently proposed index of stiffness derived from ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and target organ damage in 188 untreated(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies suggest that uric acid may predict the development of diabetes in the general population. Whether this association holds true in primary hypertension and is independent of renal function and metabolic syndrome is not clear at present. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a prospective, observational study, 758 untreated hypertensive(More)
BACKGROUND High pulse pressure (PP) values have recently been implicated in the development and progression of large vessel atherosclerosis, small vessel disease, and in the occurrence of cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between PP and subclinical cardiovascular damage in a cohort of unselected(More)
The Doppler-derived renal resistive index has been used for years in a variety of clinical settings such as the assessment of chronic renal allograft rejection, detection and management of renal artery stenosis, evaluation of progression risk in chronic kidney disease, differential diagnosis in acute and chronic obstructive renal disease, and more recently(More)
BACKGROUND Microalbuminuria, a powerful predictor of cardiovascular events, is thought to reflect widespread subclinical vascular abnormalities. To explore the pathogenesis of increased urinary albumin excretion in primary hypertension we evaluated systemic capillary permeability and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurement in two groups of matched(More)
The knowledge of each patient's global risk profile is a prerequisite for effective therapeutic strategies in primary hypertension. Detecting the presence of subclinical organ damage at the cardiac, vascular, and renal levels is key for stratifying cardiovascular risk and may also be helpful in choosing antihypertensive agents and in monitoring the(More)
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease, currently estimated to vary between 8 and 12 % in the general population, is steadily rising due to aging and to the ongoing epidemic of hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Even in its early stages, chronic kidney disease entails a greater risk for cardiovascular mortality, and its prevention and treatment is rapidly(More)
  • M Aghajani, Tol Mj, +27 authors Simonsick Em Race
  • 2015
SARB, van der Wee NJ. Neuroticism and extraversion are associated with amygdala resting-state functional connectivity. Cognitive affective & behavioral neuroscience. modulates the association of circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 with carotid artery intima-media thickness. Guided internet-based vs. face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for(More)