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The causes and mechanisms underlying multidrug resistance (MDR) in epilepsy are still elusive and may depend on inadequate drug concentration in crucial brain areas. We studied whether limbic seizures or anticonvulsant drug treatments in rodents enhance the brain expression of the MDR gene (mdr) encoding a permeability glycoprotein (P-gp) involved in MDR to(More)
PURPOSE We measured the brain-to-plasma partition of 10,11-dihydro-10-hydroxy-5H-dibenzo(b,f)azepine-5-carboxamide (10-OHCBZ) in epilepsy patients undergoing surgery to alleviate drug-resistant seizures and administered with different oral doses of oxcarbazepine (OXC). We addressed the possible contribution of the multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp(More)
The present study compares the anorectic activity of d-fenfluramine and its metabolite d-norfenfluramine in three animal species. d-Fenfluramine and d-norfenfluramine show anorectic activity at increasing doses (ED50) in rats, guinea pigs, and mice, d-norfenfluramine being more active than d-fenfluramine in all three species. Equiactive anorectic activities(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurological disorder involving the selective degeneration of motor neurons. In a small proportion of patients, ALS is caused by mutations in copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1), and mice overexpressing SOD1(G93A) mutant develop a syndrome that closely resembles the human disease. Excitotoxicity mediated by(More)
A sensitive and specific gas chromatographic procedure is described for the quantitation of trazodone and its active metabolite, 1-m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), in plasma and brain. After addition of internal standards, the samples were extracted with benzene and the extracts divided into two portions. One portion was evaporated to dryness, and residue(More)
RATIONALE Hyperforin has been identified as an active constituent of Hypericum perforatum but its importance in the antidepressant effect of this plant's extracts is not really known. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the antidepressant-like activity of two extracts in relation to the content of hyperforin and its plasma and whole brain concentrations, compared with(More)
Antimalarial agents structurally based on novel pharmacophores, synthesized by low-cost synthetic procedures and characterized by low potential for developing resistance are urgently needed. Recently, we developed an innovative class of antimalarials based on a polyaromatic pharmacophore. Hybridizing the 4-aminoquinoline or the 9-aminoacridine system of(More)
Male rats were treated by oral intubation with tyrosine (Tyr), at doses of 0.5 and 1.0 g/kg body weight, alone or together with 1 g aspartame (APM)/kg body weight, or an equivalent dose of phenylalanine (Phe; 0.5 g/kg body weight); the effects on seizures induced by an effective dose of metrazol (ED50) were observed. Tyr (0.5 g/kg body weight) had a(More)
Pharmacoresistance in epileptic patients may be ascribed to at least two, not mutually exclusive, mechanisms: a pharmacokinetic mechanism and a decreased sensitivity or availability of targets to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs; i.e., carbamazepine and phenytoin (CBZ, PHT)). Brain:plasma drug concentration ratios were determined intraoperatively during(More)
We examined the blood-brain barrier (BBB) function in methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM)-treated rats, a model of human developmental brain malformations. We found aberrant vessels morphology and serum albumin leakage in the heterotopic (malformed) hippocampus; these changes were associated with a significant increase in endothelial P-glycoprotein (P-gp)(More)