Giovanna Garattini

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the dental characteristics of patients subjected to a protocol that included early secondary gingivoalveoloplasty (ESGAP). DESIGN Panoramic radiographs of 87 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and 29 with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) were evaluated. Missing and supernumerary teeth were also quantified on(More)
UNLABELLED The multidisciplinary treatment of a case of bilateral dental fusion of the upper central incisors with maxillary constriction, crowding, and palatal inversion of one of the lateral incisors is reported. The rarity with which this anomaly appears, along with its complex characteristics, often make it extremely difficult to treat. It requires the(More)
The therapeutic results of a functional orthopedic treatment with a Balters' Bionator III appliance were evaluated. The sample group included 39 white growing subjects with a dentoskeletal Class III malocclusion. A 2-year study compared results with a control group. The results showed that the Bionator III is effective, especially when the malocclusion is(More)
The use of NiTi shape memory alloys, introduced into orthodontics because of their ability to develop light continuous forces that prove more effective than heavy intermittent forces in the teeth movement, requires the mastering of the functional properties of NiTi wires. More specifically, the recovery force acting on the teeth is a sensitive function of(More)
BACKGROUND The Milan surgical protocol includes the use of an early secondary gingivoalveoloplasty together with hard palate closure at 18 to 36 months, to avoid later bone grafting. The goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term quality of ossification in patients who have undergone early secondary gingivoalveoloplasty. METHODS The samples(More)
The present study analysed the six-month effects of a nickel-titanium (NiTi) palatal expander on the dental and palatal structures of four primary (mean age 5.8 years) and nine mixed dentition children (mean age 8.7 years), with a posterior unilateral crossbite. Standardized dental and palatal landmarks were digitized using a three-dimensional (3D)(More)
Since 1988, the Milano surgical protocol has included lip, nose and soft palate repair at 6-9 months of age and closure of the hard palate at 18-36 months together with an Early Secondary Gingivo-Alveolo-Plasty (ESGAP). Prior to 1988 the alveolar cleft was repaired in a third step by bone grafting at 9-11 years of age. The goal of this study was to evaluate(More)