Learn More
UNLABELLED Fusarium culmorum is a ubiquitous soil-borne fungus able to cause foot and root rot and Fusarium head blight on different small-grain cereals, in particular wheat and barley. It causes significant yield and quality losses and results in contamination of the grain with mycotoxins. This review summarizes recent research activities related to F.(More)
The present study demonstrates the in vitro effectiveness of the macrolide rokitamycin and the phenothiazine compound chlorpromazine against Acanthamoeba castellanii. Growth curve evaluations revealed that both drugs inhibit trophozoite growth in dose- and time-dependent ways. The effects of both drugs when they were used at the MICs at which 100% of(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that apoptosis plays a main role in the postoperative changes detected in the polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) population. Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated that mitochondrial alterations constitute critical events of the apoptotic cascade. In this study we investigated whether apoptosis among neutrophils taken(More)
The therapeutic use of iv immunoglobulins of the G class in association with antibiotics in patients with severe sepsis is reported. As compared to the randomized control group of patients treated with antibiotics alone, patient survival was only slightly improved (from 25% to 42%; NS); however, the defervescence time was significantly shorter (10 vs. 16(More)
We recently reported that most Trichomonas vaginalis isolates cultured in vitro are infected by Mycoplasma hominis. In this work, we have characterized some aspects of the relationships between the two microorganisms. PCR, cultivation, and immunological methods revealed that the number of M. hominis organisms carried by T. vaginalis in culture varied from(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus 16 infection has been proven to be associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and is probably the main reason of the reported increase in the incidence. The role of high-risk (HR) HPV for carcinogenesis of other sites in the head and neck awaits confirmation. With the aim to evaluate the prevalence of HPV(More)
The mechanisms initiating, regulating and sustaining the systemic stress response to a surgical injury have not all been identified yet. Recent studies point to the adipose tissue as a major endocrine system, the hormones of which influence energy homeostasis, glucose and lipid metabolism, vascular homeostasis, and immune response. Essential elements of(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the concentrations of mononuclear cell-associated ceramide and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in patients with sepsis and to assess their predictive value for the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). DESIGN Prospective, cohort study. SETTING Intensive care unit and two research laboratories(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between circulating interleukin-10 (IL-10) and the occurrence of lymphocyte apoptosis after surgical/anesthesia trauma. METHODS Data were collected prospectively on 18 adult patients undergoing elective major surgery. Blood sampling for assessment of lymphocyte apoptosis and IL-10 levels was performed on the day(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery and anesthesia cause depression of cell-mediated immunity in the postoperative period, including a reduction in the numbers of circulating lymphocytes. It has been claimed that this immunosuppression is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative infections. HYPOTHESIS Lymphocytopenia following surgical trauma depends on a(More)