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BACKGROUND Predictive indexes of weaning from mechanical ventilation are often inaccurate. Among the many indexes used in clinical practice, the rapid shallow breathing index is one of the most accurate. We evaluated a new weaning index consisting in the diaphragm thickening fraction (DTF) assessed by ultrasound. METHODS Forty-six patients were(More)
BACKGROUND The addition of both noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure (n-CPAP) or noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation (n-IPPV) to medical treatment has been shown to improve the outcome of patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE). Previous studies indicated a potential risk of new-onset acute myocardial infarction(More)
PURPOSE Ultrasound (US) is a useful tool for peripheral vein cannulation in patients with difficult venous access. However, few data about the survival of US-guided peripheral catheters in acute care setting exist. Some studies showed that the survival rate of standard-length catheters (SC) is poor especially in obese patients. The use of longer than normal(More)
In 36 patients with malignant pleural effusions, we determined the pH and the glucose concentration of the pleural fluid. Twenty-one of 36 patients (58.3%) had a low pH (less than 7.30) and 15 had a normal pH (greater than or equal to 7.30; 7.13 +/- 0.12 vs. 7.37 +/- 0.05; p less than 0.0005). The patients with low pH had significantly lower glucose(More)
Tube thoracostomy is an invasive procedure that carries a risk of complications. We report a patient with liver cirrhosis, ascites and large left-sided pleural effusion, in whom a trocar type chest tube was inserted at the seventh left intercostal space in the midaxillary line. Chest roentgenogram revealed that the drainage tube was placed into the(More)
Ninety-one consecutive patients with aortic regurgitation, either isolated (23 subjects) or associated with other valvular diseases (68 subjects), were studied with pulsed Doppler echocardiography and subsequent aortography, and the results were compared in order to assess the value of the noninvasive technique for a semiquantitative evaluation of the(More)
A reduction in the Dco has been frequently found in intravenous drug addicts (IVDAs) and in subjects with HIV infection. Since also cigarette smoking decreases Dco, we studied a group of street IVDAs, who did not show respiratory symptoms and/or infiltrates on chest x-ray film. Sixty-two patients were presently smoking, 2 had never smoked. Twenty-seven were(More)
Since it has been observed that in vitro amiodarone induces morphological alterations in endothelial cells similar to those observed in patients with lung toxicity and that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) seems to be a marker for perturbation of the alveolar-capillary membrane, serum ACE concentrations have been determined in 44 patients, 23 treated(More)