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Nitric oxide (NO) produced by platelet nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibits platelet activation by increased cytoplasmic cGMP levels. The aim of this study was to investigate platelet NOS activity in insulin-dependent (IDDM) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), which are characterized by enhanced platelet activation. HbA1c levels, platelet(More)
Mobilization and aggregation of intramembrane particles (IMPs) are physiological events observed in various cells. In erythrocyte membranes, aggregation of IMPs can be induced by the exposure of partially desprectrinized erythrocyte membranes to acidic pH. We investigated the association between IMPs aggregation, protein mobility, and membrane fluidity in(More)
In the present work we studied in vitro the action of low density lipoproteins (LDL) isolated from normolipemic insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients on transmembrane cation transport, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and aggregating response to stimuli of platelets from healthy subjects to elucidate whether the modified interaction between(More)
The susceptibility to peroxidative stress of low density lipoprotein (LDL), induced by incubation with CuSO4, has been studied in eleven diabetic patients and eleven control subjects. Our results suggest that oxidized LDL (OX-LDL) of diabetic patients have a significant higher reactivity to 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) than controls, that(More)
We investigated the effect of homocysteine (Hcy)-thiolactone on the activity of the enzyme paraoxonase (PON) associated with human high-density lipoprotein (HDL-PON). HDL were isolated from plasma of normolipidemic subjects. The increase in the levels of sulfhydryl groups (-SH) in HDL incubated with Hcy-thiolactone demonstrates that homocysteinylation of(More)
Beside their key role in the regulation of cholesterol homeostasis, HDL exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that participate to their general antiatherogenic effect. The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent findings on antioxidant activity and cytoprotective cell signalling elicited by HDL against oxidized LDL and(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) plays a key role in the protection against oxidative damage of lipoprotein and biological membranes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the antioxidant role of HDL and the HDL-paraoxonase (PON) activity in healthy subjects and in type 1 diabetic patients. Moreover, the ability of HDL of(More)
Sialic acid (SA) content and Na+/K+-ATPase activity of red blood cell (RBC) membranes were studied in 26 normoalbuminuric patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), 25 normoalbuminuric patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and 40 healthy nondiabetic subjects with a negative family history for diabetes. A decrease in(More)
A fraction from normal human plasma inhibiting Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase has been recently identified as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of a relationship between the activity of the cellular membrane Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and plasma LPC in human diabetes. We studied 10 patients with insulin-dependent-diabetes(More)