Giovana Brondani Biancini

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Phenylketonuria is the most frequent disturbance of amino acid metabolism. Treatment for phenylketonuric patients consists of phenylalanine intake restriction. However, there are patients who do not adhere to treatment and/or are not submitted to neonatal screening. These individuals are more prone to develop brain damage due to long-lasting toxic effects(More)
Aims l-Carnitine exerts an important role by facilitating the mitochondrial transport of fatty acids, but is also a scavenger of free radicals, protecting cells from oxidative damage. Phenylketonuria (PKU), an inborn error of phenylalanine (Phe) metabolism, is currently treated with a special diet consisting of severe restriction of protein-enriched foods,(More)
It is well established that the involvement of reactive species in the pathophysiology of several neurological diseases, including phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic genetic disorder biochemically characterized by elevated levels of phenylalanine (Phe). In previous studies, we verified that PKU patients (treated with a protein-restricted diet supplemented(More)
Homocystinuria is an inherited disorder biochemically characterized by high urinary excretion of homocystine and increased levels of homocysteine (Hcy) and methionine in biological fluids. Affected patients usually have a variety of clinical and pathologic manifestations. Previous experimental data have shown a relationship between Hcy and oxidative stress,(More)
Fabry disease (FD) is caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A. Its substrates, mainly globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), accumulate and seem to induce other pathophysiological findings of FD. Once enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is not completely efficient on preventing disease progress in FD patients, elucidating the underlying(More)
Propionic acidemia (PAemia) and methylmalonic acidemia (MMAemia) are inborn errors of propionate metabolism characterized by the accumulation of, respectively, propionic and l-methylmalonic acids (and their metabolites) in the blood and tissues of affected patients. The conditions lead to severe metabolic complications in the neonatal period and to(More)
Disorders of propionate metabolism are autosomal recessive diseases clinically characterized by acute metabolic crises in the neonatal period and long-term neurological deficits whose pathophysiology is not completely established. There are increasing evidences demonstrating antioxidant properties for L-carnitine, which is used in the treatment of propionic(More)
Fabry disease is an X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid catabolism due to deficient activity of α-galactosidase A that leads to accumulation of the enzyme substrates, mainly globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), in body fluids and lysosomes of many cell types. Some pathophysiology hypotheses are intimately linked to reactive species production and(More)
Fabry disease (FD) is a lysosomal storage disorder associated with loss of activity of the enzyme α-galactosidase A. In addition to accumulation of α-galactosidase A substrates, other mechanisms may be involved in FD pathophysiology, such as inflammation and oxidative stress. Higher levels of oxidative damage to proteins and lipids in Fabry patients were(More)
The release of hydrogen peroxide from human blood platelets after stimulation with particulate membrane-perturbing agents has been determined by fluorescence using scopoletin as the detecting agent. Platelet suspensions containing less than 1 polymorphonuclear leukocyte/10(8) platelets showed a significant release of hydrogen peroxide (6.11 nmol/10(9)(More)