Giovambattista De Sarro

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PURPOSE To evaluate their susceptibility to audiogenic seizures, five groups of knockout mice with various forms of fragile X genetic involvement [hemizygous males (n = 46), and homozygous (n = 38) and heterozygous females (n = 45), and their normal male (n = 45) and female (n = 52) littermates] were studied. METHODS All mouse groups were tested at ages(More)
Phthalates are chemicals widely used in industry and the consequences for human health caused by exposure to these agents are of significant current interest. Phthalate toxicity targets the reproductive and respiratory systems primarily, but they also may be involved in the processes of carcinogenesis and even in autism spectrum disorders. This article(More)
Depression in the elderly is nowadays a predominant health care problem, mainly due to the progressive aging of the population. It results from psychosocial stress, polypathology, as well as some biochemical changes which occur in the aged brain and can lead to cognitive impairments, increased symptoms from medical illness, higher utilization of health care(More)
Microinjection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA; 1 and 2.5 nmol) or kainate (KA; 50 pmol) into the deep prepiriform cortex elicited behavioral signs of seizure activity. No epileptiform activity was observed after deep prepiriform cortex microinjection of either L-arginine (L-Arg, 5 and 10 nmol) or its D-enantiomer, D-arginine (D-Arg, 2.5-10 nmol). However,(More)
We have studied the effects of selective and non-selective adenosine receptor agonists and antagonists in audiogenic-seizure-sensitive DBA/2 mice, an animal model of generalized reflex epilepsy. With the exception of the adenosine A3 receptor agonist, N6-(3-iodobenzyl)-5'-N-methylcarboxamidoadenosine (IB-MECA), all the agonists studied prevented the(More)
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells express various types of potassium (K+) channels which play a key role in determining the resting membrane potential, a relative electrical stability and the responsiveness to both contractile and relaxant agents. In addition, K+ channels are also involved in modulation of neurotransmitter release from airway nerves. The(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relative contribution of demographic and epilepsy-related variables, depressive symptoms, and adverse effects (AEs) of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. METHODS Individuals with epilepsy whose seizures failed to respond to at least one AED were enrolled(More)
7-Nitroindazole, a selective neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (25-200 mg kg(-1), intraperitoneally (i.p.)) antagonized audiogenic seizures in DBA/2 mice in a dose-dependent manner. We investigated the effects of 7-nitroindazole at a dose of 25 mg kg(-1) i.p., which per se did not show anticonvulsant activity against audiogenic seizures in DBA/2(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors have multiple actions on neuronal excitability through G-protein-linked modifications of enzymes and ion channels. They act presynaptically to modify glutamatergic and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic transmission and can contribute to long-term changes in synaptic function. The recent identification of(More)
Carbenoxolone, the succinyl ester of glycyrrhetinic acid, is an inhibitor of 11beta-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase and gap junctional intercellular communication. It is currently used in clinical treatment of ulcer diseases. Systemic administration of carbenoxolone (1-40 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)) was able to produce a dose-dependent decrease in DBA/2(More)