Giorgio Sesti

Learn More
BACKGROUND Unlike most antihyperglycaemic drugs, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists have a glucose-dependent action and promote weight loss. We compared the efficacy and safety of liraglutide, a human GLP-1 analogue, with exenatide, an exendin-based GLP-1 receptor agonist. METHODS Adults with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes on(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia impairs functional properties of cytosolic and nuclear proteins via O-linked glycosylation modification (O-GlcNAcylation). We studied the effects of O-GlcNAcylation on insulin signaling in human coronary artery endothelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS O-GlcNAcylation impaired the metabolic branch of insulin signaling, ie, insulin(More)
Minimal model analysis for insulin sensitivity has been validated against the glucose clamp and is an accepted method for estimating insulin sensitivity from IVGTT. However minimal model analysis requires a 3 h test and relevant expertise to run the mathematical model. The aim of this study was to suggest a simple predictor of minimal model analysis index(More)
Insulin receptor substrate (IRS) molecules are key mediators in insulin signaling and play a central role in maintaining basic cellular functions such as growth, survival, and metabolism. They act as docking proteins between the insulin receptor and a complex network of intracellular signaling molecules containing Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. Four members(More)
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion. In the advanced stages of the disease, beta-cell dysfunction worsens and insulin therapy may be necessary to achieve satisfactory metabolic control. Studies in autopsies found decreased beta-cell mass in pancreas of people with type 2 diabetes. Apoptosis, a constitutive(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) is a Ca+2-dependent enzyme that catalyzes both intracellular and extracellular cross-linking reactions by transamidation of specific glutamine residues. TGase 2 is known to be involved in the membrane-mediated events required for glucose-stimulated insulin release from the pancreatic beta cells. Here we show that targeted(More)
It was reported that the common -866G/A polymorphism in the promoter of the human uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) gene, which enhances its trascriptional activity, is associated with increased mRNA levels in human adipocytes and reduced risk of obesity. Studies in knockout mice and beta-cells indicate that UCP2 may play a role in beta-cell function. In this(More)
It has been suggested that serine (Ser) phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) decreases the ability of IRS-1 to be phosphorylated on tyrosine, thereby attenuating insulin signaling. There is evidence that angiotensin II (AII) may impair insulin signaling to the IRS-1/phosphatydilinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) pathway by enhancing Ser(More)
Insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins play a central role in maintaining basic cellular functions such as growth and metabolism. They act as an interface between multiple growth factor receptors possessing tyrosine kinase activity, such as the insulin receptor, and a complex network of intracellular signalling molecules containing Src homology 2 (SH2)(More)
Conflicting results have been reported regarding whether the PPARgamma2 Pro12Ala polymorphism plays a role in the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggesting genetic heterogeneity. To investigate this issue, a meta-analysis of 41 published and 2 unpublished studies (a total of 42,910 subjects) was conducted. Ala12 carriers had a 19% T2D risk reduction, but(More)