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An increasing number of studies show that the activation of the innate immune system and inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. The innate immune system is present in almost all multicellular organisms and its activation occurs in response to pathogens or tissue injury via pattern-recognition receptors(More)
We provide evidence on the expression of the transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) by glioma cells, and its involvement in capsaicin (CPS)-induced apoptosis. TRPV1 mRNA was identified by quantitative RT-PCR in U373, U87, FC1 and FLS glioma cells, with U373 cells showing higher, and U87, FC1 and FLS cells lower TRPV1 expression as compared(More)
The direct and indirect interaction between the nervous and the immune systems was evaluated in the rat using the neurotoxin capsaicin. Capsaicin treatment of neonatal rats (50 mg/kg at 2 days of age), results in a marked inhibition of mitogen and hrIL-2-induced cell proliferation both in the spleen and peripheral blood. Inhibition is already evident on day(More)
BACKGROUND Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) such as sunitinib and pazopanib display their efficacy in a variety of solid tumours. However, their use in therapy is limited by the lack of evidence about the ability to induce cell death in cancer cells. Our aim was to evaluate cytotoxic effects induced by sunitinib and pazopanib in 5637 and J82 bladder cancer(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid type-2 (TRPV2), belonging to the transient receptor potential channel family, is a specialized ion channel expressed in human and other mammalian immune cells. This channel has been found to be expressed in CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells, where its cytosolic Ca(2) (+) activity is crucial for stem/progenitor cell(More)
Herein, we provide evidence of the expression and function of substance P (SP) and neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) in the rat thymus. In situ hybridization evidenced NK-1R mRNA mainly in the thymic medulla, and Northern blot analysis of mRNA from FACS-sorted thymocytes identified NK-1R on CD4+, CD8+ and double-positive subpopulations. With flow cytometry, it(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a crucial role in tumor angiogenesis. VEGF expression in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is mostly regulated by hypoxia, predominantly via the hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)/Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) pathway. Advances in our knowledge of VEGF role in tumor angiogenesis, growth, and progression have(More)
The progression of normal cells to a tumorigenic and metastatic state involves the accumulation of mutations in multiple key signaling proteins, encoded by oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Recently, members of the TRP channel family have been included in the oncogenic and tumor suppressor protein family. TRPM1, TRPM8, and TRPV6 are considered to be(More)
There is evidence that calcium (Ca2+) increases the proliferation of human advanced prostate cancer (PCa) cells but the ion channels involved are not fully understood. Here, we investigated the correlation between alpha1D-adrenergic receptor (alpha1D-AR) and the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) expression levels in human PCa tissues and(More)
Chemokines are a superfamily of structurally homologous heparin-binding proteins that includes potent inducers and inhibitors of angiogenesis. The imbalance between angiogenic and angiostatic chemokine activities can lead to abnormalities, such as chronic inflammation, dysplastic transformation, and even tumor development and spreading. In this review, we(More)