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An increasing number of studies show that the activation of the innate immune system and inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. The innate immune system is present in almost all multicellular organisms and its activation occurs in response to pathogens or tissue injury via pattern-recognition receptors(More)
The role of two estrogen-mimicking compounds in regulating osteoblast activities were examined. Previously, our attention was focused on benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) since previous works showed that they enter the cytoplasm, bioaccumulate, modify actin cytoarchitecture and exert mitogenic effects involving microfilament(More)
Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channels affect several inflammatory and neoplastic conditions. About thirty TRPs have been identified to date and divided into seven families: TRPC (Canonical), TRPV (Vanilloid), TRPM (Melastatin), TRPML (Mucolipin), TRPP (Polycystin), and TRPA (Ankyrin transmembrane protein) and TRPN (NomPClike). Among these, the TRPC,(More)
Cell adhesion molecules, by regulating host-micro-organism interaction, play a major role in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases. The present study was undertaken to investigate the expression of the fibronectin (FN) receptor prototype, alpha 5 beta 1 integrin, on Candida albicans and its involvement in the adhesion to FN. By immunofluorescence and(More)
Capsaicin (CPS) has been found to exhibit either tumor promoting or suppressing effects, many of which are mediated by the specific transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1). Herein, we provide evidence that CPS treatment induced a more aggressive gene phenotype and invasiveness in 5637 cells-lacking TRPV1 receptor. CPS treatment of 5637 cells(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels affect several physiological and pathological processes. In particular, TRP channels have been recently involved in the triggering of enhanced proliferation, aberrant differentiation, and resistance to apoptotic cell death leading to the uncontrolled tumor invasion. About thirty TRPs have been identified to date,(More)
Climacostol (5-(Z)-non-2-enyl-benzene-1,3-diol) is a natural toxin isolated from the freshwater ciliated protozoan Climacostomum virens and belongs to the group of resorcinolic lipids, compounds that show antimicrobial, antiparasitic and antitumor activities. We investigated the cytotoxic activity of the chemically synthesized toxin on: (1) human tumor(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) derived from peripheral blood monocytes recruited into the renal cell carcinoma (RCC) microenvironment. In response to inflammatory stimuli, macrophages undergo M1 (classical) or M2 (alternative) activation. M1 cells produce high levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-12, IL-23(More)
We provide evidence on the expression of the transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) by glioma cells, and its involvement in capsaicin (CPS)-induced apoptosis. TRPV1 mRNA was identified by quantitative RT-PCR in U373, U87, FC1 and FLS glioma cells, with U373 cells showing higher, and U87, FC1 and FLS cells lower TRPV1 expression as compared(More)
The present research examines the effects of 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) on mouse primary calvarial osteoblasts (COBs). Incubation of the cells with 4-NP at 10(-5)M and 10(-6)M striking decreased osteoblasts viability and phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, measured by Annexin V, was greatly enhanced. In addition, an up-regulation of Bax/Bcl2 ratio with a drop in(More)