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An increasing number of studies show that the activation of the innate immune system and inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. The innate immune system is present in almost all multicellular organisms and its activation occurs in response to pathogens or tissue injury via pattern-recognition receptors(More)
Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channels affect several inflammatory and neoplastic conditions. About thirty TRPs have been identified to date and divided into seven families: TRPC (Canonical), TRPV (Vanilloid), TRPM (Melastatin), TRPML (Mucolipin), TRPP (Polycystin), and TRPA (Ankyrin transmembrane protein) and TRPN (NomPClike). Among these, the TRPC,(More)
In the past two decades, numerous studies have documented the importance of acquired immunity for host defense against invasive fungal infections. There is widespread consensus in the field of medical mycology that cellular immunity is critical for successful host defense against fungi. However, in recent years several studies have established the potential(More)
Cell adhesion molecules, by regulating host-micro-organism interaction, play a major role in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases. The present study was undertaken to investigate the expression of the fibronectin (FN) receptor prototype, alpha 5 beta 1 integrin, on Candida albicans and its involvement in the adhesion to FN. By immunofluorescence and(More)
The role of two estrogen-mimicking compounds in regulating osteoblast activities were examined. Previously, our attention was focused on benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) since previous works showed that they enter the cytoplasm, bioaccumulate, modify actin cytoarchitecture and exert mitogenic effects involving microfilament(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and function of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) in human glioma cells. By Real-Time-PCR and western blot analysis, we found that TRPV2 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein were expressed in benign astrocyte tissues, and its expression progressively declined in high-grade glioma tissues(More)
Malignant transformation of cells resulting from enhanced proliferation and aberrant differentiation is often accompanied by changes in transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channels expression. In gliomas, recent evidence indicates that TRPV type 2 (TRPV2) negatively controls glioma cell survival and proliferation. In addition, cannabinoids, the(More)
Capsaicin (CPS) has been found to exhibit either tumor promoting or suppressing effects, many of which are mediated by the specific transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1). Herein, we provide evidence that CPS treatment induced a more aggressive gene phenotype and invasiveness in 5637 cells-lacking TRPV1 receptor. CPS treatment of 5637 cells(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels affect several physiological and pathological processes. In particular, TRP channels have been recently involved in the triggering of enhanced proliferation, aberrant differentiation, and resistance to apoptotic cell death leading to the uncontrolled tumor invasion. About thirty TRPs have been identified to date,(More)
Bladder cancer (BC) is a common urologic tumor characterized by high risk of recurrence and mortality. Capsaicin (CPS), used as an intravesical drug for overactive bladder, was demonstrated to induce cell death in different cancer cells including BC cells.Here we found that treatment of high-grade BC cells with high dose of CPS triggers autophagy. Infact,(More)