Giorgio Rispoli

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L-type and R-type Ca(2+) currents were detected in frog semicircular canal hair cells. The former was noninactivating and nifedipine-sensitive (5 microM); the latter, partially inactivated, was resistant to omega-conotoxin GVIA (5 microM), omega-conotoxin MVIIC (5 microM), and omega-agatoxin IVA (0.4 microM), but was sensitive to mibefradil (10 microM).(More)
Vertebrate photoreceptors respond to light with a graded hyperpolarization from a membrane potential in the dark of approximately -35 mV. The present work investigates the physiological role of the Ca2+-activated K+ current in the photovoltage generation in mechanically isolated rods from salamander retina. Membrane current or voltage in isolated rods was(More)
In the present work we studied the regional expression of voltage-dependent Ca channels in hair cells from the frog semicircular canals, employing whole-cell patch-clamp on isolated and in situ hair cells. Although Ca channels are thought to play a major role in afferent transmission, up to now no data were available regarding their distribution in(More)
Transport of K+ by the photoreceptor Na(+)-Ca2+, K+ exchanger was investigated in isolated rod outer segments (OS) by recording membrane current under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions. Known amounts of K+ were imported in the OS through the Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels while perfusing with high extracellular concentration of K+, [K+]o. These channels(More)
Muscle strength declines with age in part due to a decline of Ca(2+) release from sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium stores. Skeletal muscle dihydropyridine receptors (Ca(v)1.1) initiate muscle contraction by activating ryanodine receptors in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Ca(v)1.1 channel activity is enhanced by a retrograde stimulatory signal delivered by the(More)
The biochemical events underlying the phototransduction cascade in retinal photoreceptors of vertebrates are now well established, on the basis of a wealth of electrophysiological and biochemical evidence. In this review the Ca2+ regulation of the enzymes that generates the photoreceptor light response is analyzed, as well as the Ca2+ transport across the(More)
The Ca(2+) modulation of pore formation (and disaggregation) kinetics of a synthetic analog of alamethicin F50/5 ([l-Glu(OMe)(7,18,19)]), a potent antibiotic peptide, was investigated in situ and in vitro. The in situ experiments consisted in whole-cell recording from isolated retinal rod outer segments (OS), because once blocking the only OS endogenous(More)
Picornavirus 2B, a non-structural protein required for effective viral replication, has been implicated in cell membrane permeabilization during the late phases of infection. Here, we have approached the molecular mechanism of this process by assessing the pore-forming activity of an overlapping peptide library that spanned the complete 2B sequence. At(More)
The presence and functional role of inositol trisphosphate receptors (IP3R) was investigated by electrophysiology and immunohistochemistry in hair cells from the frog semicircular canal. Intracellular recordings were performed from single fibres of the posterior canal in the isolated, intact frog labyrinth, at rest and during rotation, in the presence of(More)
The effects of endogenous and exogenous Ca(2+) buffers on Ca(2+) current kinetics have been investigated by patch clamp in hair cells mechanically isolated from frog semicircular canals. This preparation displays at least three different Ca(2+) channel types: transient currents flow through a drug-resistant channel ("R1"), while non-inactivating channels(More)