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L-type and R-type Ca(2+) currents were detected in frog semicircular canal hair cells. The former was noninactivating and nifedipine-sensitive (5 microM); the latter, partially inactivated, was resistant to omega-conotoxin GVIA (5 microM), omega-conotoxin MVIIC (5 microM), and omega-agatoxin IVA (0.4 microM), but was sensitive to mibefradil (10 microM).(More)
In the present work we studied the regional expression of voltage-dependent Ca channels in hair cells from the frog semicircular canals, employing whole-cell patch-clamp on isolated and in situ hair cells. Although Ca channels are thought to play a major role in afferent transmission, up to now no data were available regarding their distribution in(More)
The effects of endogenous and exogenous Ca(2+) buffers on Ca(2+) current kinetics have been investigated by patch clamp in hair cells mechanically isolated from frog semicircular canals. This preparation displays at least three different Ca(2+) channel types: transient currents flow through a drug-resistant channel ("R1"), while non-inactivating channels(More)
Hair cells in the frog semicircular canal, studied by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, display three distinct Ca2+ currents: two non-inactivating components (L type and R type, the latter termed R2 in the following) and a second R type current (termed R1), which runs down first and inactivates in a Ca2+-dependent fashion. Since intracellular EGTA, up(More)
Transport of K+ by the photoreceptor Na(+)-Ca2+, K+ exchanger was investigated in isolated rod outer segments (OS) by recording membrane current under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions. Known amounts of K+ were imported in the OS through the Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels while perfusing with high extracellular concentration of K+, [K+]o. These channels(More)
Vertebrate photoreceptors respond to light with a graded hyperpolarization from a membrane potential in the dark of approximately -35 mV. The present work investigates the physiological role of the Ca2+-activated K+ current in the photovoltage generation in mechanically isolated rods from salamander retina. Membrane current or voltage in isolated rods was(More)
The presence and functional role of inositol trisphosphate receptors (IP3R) was investigated by electrophysiology and immunohistochemistry in hair cells from the frog semicircular canal. Intracellular recordings were performed from single fibres of the posterior canal in the isolated, intact frog labyrinth, at rest and during rotation, in the presence of(More)
A mathematical model of the vertebrate phototransduction mechanism was designed in a modular fashion, in that increasingly complex behaviors can be turned on and off to evaluate the relative involvement of all elements of the phototransduction cascade. The problem was approached by starting with a minimum model in which the intracellular cGMP concentration(More)
Some aspects of Ca(2+) channel modulation in hair cells isolated from semicircular canals of the frog (Rana esculenta) have been investigated using the whole-cell technique and intra and extracellular solutions designed to modify the basic properties of the Ca(2+) macrocurrent. With 1 mM ATP in the pipette solution, about 60% of the recorded cells displayed(More)
We investigated the possibility that, in hair cells mechanically isolated from frog semicircular canals, Ca2+ extrusion occurs via a Na+ : Ca2+ (cardiac type) or a Na+ : Ca2+,K+ (retinal type) exchanger. Cells concurrently imaged during whole-cell patch-clamp recordings using the Ca2+ sensitive fluorescent dye Oregon Green 488 BAPTA-1 (100 micro m) showed(More)