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L-type and R-type Ca(2+) currents were detected in frog semicircular canal hair cells. The former was noninactivating and nifedipine-sensitive (5 microM); the latter, partially inactivated, was resistant to omega-conotoxin GVIA (5 microM), omega-conotoxin MVIIC (5 microM), and omega-agatoxin IVA (0.4 microM), but was sensitive to mibefradil (10 microM).(More)
In the present work we studied the regional expression of voltage-dependent Ca channels in hair cells from the frog semicircular canals, employing whole-cell patch-clamp on isolated and in situ hair cells. Although Ca channels are thought to play a major role in afferent transmission, up to now no data were available regarding their distribution in(More)
  • G Rispoli
  • 1998
The biochemical events underlying the phototransduction cascade in retinal photoreceptors of vertebrates are now well established, on the basis of a wealth of electrophysiological and biochemical evidence. In this review the Ca2+ regulation of the enzymes that generates the photoreceptor light response is analyzed, as well as the Ca2+ transport across the(More)
Picornavirus 2B, a non-structural protein required for effective viral replication, has been implicated in cell membrane permeabilization during the late phases of infection. Here, we have approached the molecular mechanism of this process by assessing the pore-forming activity of an overlapping peptide library that spanned the complete 2B sequence. At(More)
The presence and functional role of inositol trisphosphate receptors (IP3R) was investigated by electrophysiology and immunohistochemistry in hair cells from the frog semicircular canal. Intracellular recordings were performed from single fibres of the posterior canal in the isolated, intact frog labyrinth, at rest and during rotation, in the presence of(More)
The pore forming properties of synthetic cecropin-melittin hybrid peptide (Acetyl-KWKLFKKIGAVLKVL-CONH(2); CM15) were investigated by using photoreceptor rod outer segments (OS) isolated from frog retinae obtained by using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. CM15 was applied (and removed) to (from) the OS in approximately 50 ms with a(More)
Changes in cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) were monitored optically in hair cells mechanically isolated from frog semicircular canals using the membrane-impermeant form of the Ca(2+)-selective dye Oregon Green 488 BAPTA-1 (OG, 100 microM). Cells stimulated by depolarization under whole-cell voltage clamp conditions revealed Ca(2+) entry at(More)
The effects of endogenous and exogenous Ca(2+) buffers on Ca(2+) current kinetics have been investigated by patch clamp in hair cells mechanically isolated from frog semicircular canals. This preparation displays at least three different Ca(2+) channel types: transient currents flow through a drug-resistant channel ("R1"), while non-inactivating channels(More)
Hair cells in the frog semicircular canal, studied by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, display three distinct Ca2+ currents: two non-inactivating components (L type and R type, the latter termed R2 in the following) and a second R type current (termed R1), which runs down first and inactivates in a Ca2+-dependent fashion. Since intracellular EGTA, up(More)
Transport of K+ by the photoreceptor Na(+)-Ca2+, K+ exchanger was investigated in isolated rod outer segments (OS) by recording membrane current under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions. Known amounts of K+ were imported in the OS through the Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels while perfusing with high extracellular concentration of K+, [K+]o. These channels(More)