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Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a critical fertility defect characterized by an anticipated and silent impairment of the follicular reserve, but its pathogenesis is largely unexplained. The frequent maternal inheritance of POI together with a remarkable dependence of ovarian folliculogenesis upon mitochondrial biogenesis and bioenergetics suggested(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the natural history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) in children and identify factors predictive of thyroid dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN We evaluated 160 children (43 males and 117 females, mean age 9.10 +/- 3.6 years, with HT and normal (group 0; 105 patients) or slightly elevated (group 1; 55 patients) serum thyroid-stimulating hormone(More)
CONTEXT Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a cause of female infertility characterized by primary (PA) or secondary amenorrhea (SA) and elevated gonadotropins. The pathogenesis is unknown in most cases. We recently reported two sisters with PA carrying a heterozygous mutation of BMP15 gene (locus Xp11.2), but the prevalence of BMP15 variations in the POF(More)
A total of 478 patients, mean age 15.5 (3.6-25.3) years, suffering from Turner's syndrome, were studied in order to determine the frequency of autoimmune thyroiditis, which is defined as the presence of antithyroid antibodies (AT-Ab) and typical ultrasound findings. We found 106 (22.2%) patients positive for AT-Ab and of those 49 (10%) also had positive(More)
Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) is the main thyroid hormone transport protein in serum. Inherited TBG defects lead to a complete (TBG-CD) or a partial (TBG-PD) deficiency and have a diagenic transmission, being clinically fully expressed only in hemizygous males and in homozygous females. In the present study, seven patients from two unrelated families(More)
CONTEXT The 2007 Consensus Statement suggested a peak GH cutoff to insulin tolerance test (ITT) of less than 6 microg/liter in the diagnosis of permanent GH deficiency (GHD) in young adults with childhood-onset GHD (COGHD), although further validation was recommended. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of ITT, mean 12-h(More)
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare autosomal recessive organ-specific autoimmune disorder that is characterized by a variable combination of (i) chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, (ii) polyendocrinopathy and/or hepatitis and (iii) dystrophy of the dental enamel and nails. We analyzed the AIRE (autoimmune(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin exerts potent GH-releasing activity and stimulates food intake. Circulating ghrelin levels are increased in anorexia and cachexia, reduced in obesity and restored by weight recovery. Newborns are characterized by GH hypersecretion associated with low IGF-I levels reflecting peripheral GH resistance. STUDY DESIGN The aim of our study was(More)
A relationship between ghrelin and epilepsy has been already shown in humans, although the results are controversial. Ghrelin levels are reduced in obesity. Epileptic patients progressively develop a therapy-linked weight gain; however, the mechanisms for this have not been fully explained. The aim of our study is to evaluate if ghrelin secretion is(More)