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Wnt/beta-catenin signaling is frequently activated in cancer cells by stabilizing mutations of beta-catenin or loss-of-function mutations of the APC tumor suppressor gene. We have analysed the role of beta-catenin in the pathogenesis of hepatoblastoma (HB), an embryonic liver tumor occurring mainly in children under 2 years of age. Sequence analysis of the(More)
Twenty children with meningiomas (ages 18 months to 17 years) received initial therapy at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between January 1975 and June 1991, accounting for 2% of children with primary brain tumors seen during that time interval. All were verified histopathologically, and none had had prior irradiation. Fifteen were male and 5(More)
The peculiar radiological and pathological findings of four pediatric cases admitted to the University Hospital of Padua between 1990 and 2007 are described. In all cases, the contrast-enhanced head and spine magnetic resonance images revealed thickened and abnormally enhancing subarachnoid spaces particularly at the level of basal cisterns and(More)
DISCUSSION The leptomeningeal dissemination (LMD) of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) is reported in clinical neuro-oncology practice more and more frequently. It is estimated that 5% of all childhood LGGs present LMD at diagnosis and 7-10% at the time of progression. LMD has been reported in association with almost all the known subtypes of LGGs. Furthermore,(More)
BACKGROUND For hepatoblastoma (HB) that remains unresectable by partial hepatectomy after chemotherapy, total hepatectomy with orthotopic liver transplantation (LTX) has been advocated as the best treatment option. The role of LTX in the overall management of HB is still, however, unclear. PROCEDURE The results of LTX from the first study of HB by the(More)
BACKGROUND Current controversies in pediatric intracranial ependymoma include histologic categorization and management. Most of our knowledge of this disease comes from single-institution reports. METHODS A literature search was done, covering the period 1976-1996. The aim of this review is to analyze the prognostic factors reported in the literature over(More)
PURPOSE Hepatoblastoma (HB) is a rare malignant liver tumor which occurs almost exclusively in childhood. In the 1970s, survival was approximately 20% to 30%. Since the introduction of cisplatin (PLA) and doxorubicin (DO) into the chemotherapy regimens used to treat these patients, the survival rate has improved dramatically. In most recent studies, primary(More)
The principal aim of this report is to present the results of multivariate analyses conducted to identify clinical prognostic factors in 92 children aged < 16 years with ependymoma (EPD) retrospectively collected in seven Italian centres. They were treated over a 16-year period (1977-1993). Treatment modalities varied. Surgery and radiotherapy (RT) was the(More)
Sixteen children, aged 16 days to 13 years with hepatoblastoma (HB) (13 patients) or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (3 patients), were given a total of 89 courses of cisplatin and doxorubicin (PLADO) as IV continuous infusion. All tumors were confined to the liver except for 1 hepatoblastoma patient with pulmonary metastases at presentation. Tumor response(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebral germinomas, the most common and least malignant intracranial germ cell tumors, usually arise in the pineal or suprasellar region and have characteristic clinical and radiological features. Germinomas more rarely occur in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and internal capsule, causing sometimes cerebral hemiatrophy and hemiparesis. More(More)