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BACKGROUND The intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) assay evaluates levels of serum 1-84 PTH and other N-terminally truncated PTH fragments, mainly PTH "7-84." This PTH molecule has been found experimentally to interfere with biological activity of PTH 1-84, perhaps through its binding to the PTH receptor complex. Therefore, assuming that high levels of PTH(More)
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) and fetuin-A are inhibitors of arterial calcifications. In blood of rats, calcium-phosphate-fetuin-MGP complexes, produced in bone, have been identified. Indeed, an association between bone resorption, release of such complexes, and arterial calcifications has been reported. We have investigated the synthesis and localization of(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous growth factors and cytokines are known to modulate bone turnover. An important, recently discovered complex involved in osteoclastogenesis is the osteoprotegerin/osteoprotegerin-ligand (OPG/OPGL) cytokine complex, which is produced by osteoblasts. Many factors, including parathyroid hormone (PTH), appear to affect bone turnover through(More)
BACKGROUND Lanthanum carbonate (LC) (Fosrenol) is a novel new treatment for hyperphosphatemia. In this phase III, open-label study, we compared the effects of LC and calcium carbonate (CC) on the evolution of renal osteodystrophy (ROD) in dialysis patients. METHODS Ninety-eight patients were randomized to LC (N = 49) or CC (N = 49). Bone biopsies were(More)
BACKGROUND Heart and coronary calcifications in hemodialysis patients are of very common occurrence and linked to cardiovascular events and mortality. Several studies have been published with similar results. Most of them were mainly cross-sectional and some of the prospective protocols were aimed to evaluate the results of the control of altered(More)
BACKGROUND Calcification of arteries is a frequent occurrence in hemodialysis (HD) patients and is linked to mortality. This study was conducted to evaluate the correspondence between coronary calcification scores and calcifications observed histologically in peripheral arteries in HD patients. In addition the association of humoral parameters including(More)
BACKGROUND Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a known cause of hypertension and ischemic nephropathy. Stenting of the artery is a valid approach, in spite of cases of unexpected adverse evolution of renal function. METHODS In this study, 27 patients with unilateral RAS were subjected to stenting and followed for a period of one year, while 19 patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Comparison of renal osteodystrophy in predialysis and hemodialysis has been rarely reported. Distinct patterns of renal osteodystrophy could be found in these conditions. In addition the use of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and other markers for noninvasive diagnosis may result in different predictive values in predialysis and hemodialysis patients.(More)