Giorgio M Coen

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BACKGROUND Lanthanum carbonate (LC) (Fosrenol) is a novel new treatment for hyperphosphatemia. In this phase III, open-label study, we compared the effects of LC and calcium carbonate (CC) on the evolution of renal osteodystrophy (ROD) in dialysis patients. METHODS Ninety-eight patients were randomized to LC (N = 49) or CC (N = 49). Bone biopsies were(More)
BACKGROUND The intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) assay evaluates levels of serum 1-84 PTH and other N-terminally truncated PTH fragments, mainly PTH "7-84." This PTH molecule has been found experimentally to interfere with biological activity of PTH 1-84, perhaps through its binding to the PTH receptor complex. Therefore, assuming that high levels of PTH(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous growth factors and cytokines are known to modulate bone turnover. An important, recently discovered complex involved in osteoclastogenesis is the osteoprotegerin/osteoprotegerin-ligand (OPG/OPGL) cytokine complex, which is produced by osteoblasts. Many factors, including parathyroid hormone (PTH), appear to affect bone turnover through(More)
BACKGROUND Heart and coronary calcifications in hemodialysis patients are of very common occurrence and linked to cardiovascular events and mortality. Several studies have been published with similar results. Most of them were mainly cross-sectional and some of the prospective protocols were aimed to evaluate the results of the control of altered(More)
Adynamic bone disease (ABD) is a variety of renal osteodystrophy characterized by reduced osteblasts and osteoclasts, no accumulation of osteoid and markedly low bone turnover. It has been found in a relatively high percentage of patients on dialysis, either peritoneal or hemodialysis, but also in CKD patients on conservative treatment. The histologic(More)
OBJECTIVE A normal dietary calcium intake to reduce intestinal oxalate absorption is essential to avoid recurrence of calcium oxalate stone formation. It is also important in the prevention of osteopenia in idiopathic hypercalciuria. The calcium content of waters used for hydration may vary from very low to relatively high and is an important factor in(More)
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) and fetuin-A are inhibitors of arterial calcifications. In blood of rats, calcium–phosphate–fetuin–MGP complexes, produced in bone, have been identified. Indeed, an association between bone resorption, release of such complexes, and arterial calcifications has been reported. We have investigated the synthesis and localization of(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) serum levels in hemodialysis chronic renal failure has not been so far histologically evaluated. Information still lacking relate to the effect of 25-OHD deficiency on serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and on bone and its relationship with calcitriol levels. METHODS This retrospective study(More)