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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy as a tool of smoking cessation of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), directly comparing users of e-cigarettes only, smokers of tobacco cigarettes only, and smokers of both. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. Final results are expected in 2019, but given the urgency of data to support policies on electronic(More)
BACKGROUND Healthcare professionals play a key role in tobacco use prevention because they are considered as model by patients. This multicenter study was aimed to evaluate smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco among Italian hospital professionals. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire administered to(More)
AIMS To determine the sensitivity and specificity of a multiplex PCR assay for the contemporary identification of major species involved in oral candidiasis, without extraction and purification of DNA from the samples under investigation; and evaluation of this method in comparison with routine phenotypic culture identification. METHODS 78 oral rinse(More)
This study assesses knowledge, attitudes, and behavioural intention towards human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccination in a random sample of 1348 adolescents and young women aged 14-24 years in Italy. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire covered demographics; knowledge about HPV infection, cervical cancer, and HPV vaccine; the perceived(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Oral candidiasis is the most common fungal infection in dental practice, and is caused by yeasts that are normally present in the endogenous flora. METHODS To evaluate a rapid diagnostic method for identification of Candida oral isolates, a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out on colonies and on oral rinse solutions(More)
BACKGROUND Recent international sources have described how the rapid expansion of the Internet has precipitated an increase in its use by the general population to search for medical information. Most studies on e-health use investigated either through the prevalence of such use and the social and income patterns of users in selected populations, or the(More)
Recurrent oral candidosis is a common problem in immunocompromised patients, and it is frequently triggered by resistance induced by antifungal treatment. Knowledge of the mechanisms by which the yeast persists in the host could allow the management of this type of infection. This study used electrophoretic karyotyping and restriction fragment length(More)
BACKGROUND Body art practices have emerged as common activities among youth, yet few studies have investigated awareness in different age groups of possible health complications associated with piercing and tattooing. METHODS We investigated perceptions of and knowledge about health risks. To highlight differences among age groups, we gathered data from(More)
Studies were carried out on some biological activities of Helicobacter pylori porins in vitro. We extracted and purified a porin with an apparent molecular mass of 30 kDa. Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes preincubated with H. pylori porins showed a decrease of chemotaxis, of adherence to nylon wool, and of chemiluminescence. Used as chemotaxins in place(More)
  • B. Pignalosa, F. Toni, G. Liguori
  • 1989
Excessive iris trauma during cataract surgery with or without IOL implantation and intermittent contact between the lens implant and the iris in the post-operative period may give rise to a pigment dispersion syndrome that can, in some cases, lead to a pigmentary glaucoma. This communication examines possible causes of the syndrome and the precautions to be(More)