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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to investigate the immune, endocrine, and metabolic correlates of burnout among women. METHODS Forty-three participants with high and 20 participants with low scores for the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire were compared in terms of subjective symptoms, job strain, social support, plasma levels of prolactin,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to examine the free salivary cortisol response to awakening in men and women reporting low, moderate, and high levels of burnout. METHODS Twenty-two patients on sick leave due to burnout were compared with 22 working participants with low and 20 working participants with intermediate scores on the Shirom-Melamed(More)
The study examined psychosocial work-conditions and physiological reactions among thirty-six police inspectors (median age 45 years, 81% males) who participated in a reorganization. At this time, subjects were threatened by unemployment and had to re-apply for their positions in a new police district. Data were collected during the reorganization and at(More)
A prospective study was conducted to identify predictors of poor psychosocial adjustment 1 year after coronary bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Fifty-two of 61 consecutive patients (mean age = 66 +/- 9, 3 years, 76% men) were studied before and 1 year after surgery. Psychological, social, and surgical data were assessed. The roles of State and Trait anxiety,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of a stress management intervention among 24 female patients on sick leave due to work-related psychological complaints. METHODS The study design was quasi-experimental. All participants received a standard individual treatment for stress at a company healthcare unit. Half of the sample was also enrolled in a group(More)
BACKGROUND Insomnia-type sleep disturbances are frequent among patients suffering from stress-related exhaustion disorder. However, clinical observations indicate that a subgroup suffer from sleep lengths frequently exceeding 9 hours, coupled with great daytime sleepiness. AIMS The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in(More)
OBJECTIVE The study investigated the associations between self-rated financial strain and overall diurnal salivary cortisol levels, as well as secretory patterns among long-term unemployed individuals. METHODS Psychosocial and life-style variables were assessed by means of questionnaires among 85 participants (mean age 42+/-9 years; 56% females). Salivary(More)
BACKGROUND The syndrome of exhaustion is currently a medical diagnosis in Sweden. The description of the syndrome largely corresponds to the suggested core component of burnout, that is exhaustion. Karolinska Exhaustion Scale (KES) has been constructed to provide specific assessment of exhaustion in clinical and research settings. AIM The purpose of the(More)
We studied the associations between psychosocial variables and sick-leave among patients with musculoskeletal pain. Patients (n = 586) seeking care to relieve their pain at health care and physiotherapy centres, completed a questionnaire about such variables as clinical characteristics (e.g. pain intensity), psychological well-being (e.g. burnout,(More)
Stress-related problems are increasing among Swedish adolescents, especially among females. The aims of this study were to survey the incidence of stress symptoms among 16-year-olds, to investigate the related gender differences, and to understand the factors that may contribute to stress symptoms. The study is questionnaire based, and the sample included(More)