Giorgio Gribaudo

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Human interferon (IFN)-inducible IFI16 protein, an innate immune sensor of intracellular DNA, modulates various cell functions, however, its role in regulating virus growth remains unresolved. Here, we adopt two approaches to investigate whether IFI16 exerts pro- and/or anti-viral actions. First, the IFI16 gene was silenced using specific small interfering(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a betaherpesvirus, represents the major infectious cause of birth defects, as well as an important pathogen for immunocompromised individuals. The viral nucleocapsid containing a linear double-stranded DNA of 230 kb is surrounded by a proteinaceous tegument, which is itself enclosed by a loosely applied lipid bilayer.(More)
Two different isozymes (Iso A and Iso B) of catechol 1,2 dioxygenase (C1,2O) were isolated from cultures of A. radioresistens grown in two different media, containing phenol and benzoate respectively. In the phenol medium the bacteria expressed about 90% of Iso A, whereas in the benzoate medium the Iso A/Iso B ratio was 40:60. The two proteins have(More)
Two novel catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (C 1,2-O) genes have been isolated from an Acinetobacter radioresistens strain that grows on phenol or benzoate as sole carbon and energy source. Designated as catA(A) and catA(B), they encode proteins composed of 314 and 306 amino acids, whose deduced sequences indicate that they have approximately 53% identity, whereas(More)
Herpesviruses accomplish DNA replication either by expressing their own deoxyribonucleotide biosynthetic genes or by stimulating the expression of the corresponding cellular genes. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has adopted the latter strategy to allow efficient replication in quiescent cells. In the present report, we show that murine CMV (MCMV) infection of(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) is an essential enzyme for the de novo synthesis of both cellular and viral DNA and catalyzes the conversion of ribonucleoside diphosphates into the corresponding deoxyribonucleoside diphosphates. The enzyme consists of two nonidentical subunits, termed R1 and R2, whose expression is very low in resting cells and maximal in(More)
INTRODUCTION Interferon-alpha (IFN) plays a role in the management of different neoplasias, particularly those of hematological origin. The mechanisms of action of IFN are still poorly understood and the individual response is unpredictable. In the present study, the pattern of intracellular gene expression following in vitro and in vivo exposure of chronic(More)
High serum levels of antibodies to interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) have been found in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A radioimmunoassay (RIA) with a recombinant IFN-gamma protein or an affinity purified IFN-gamma preparation as antigens, was developed to detect the specific anti-IFN-gamma antibodies. Reactivity of sera to IFN-gamma(More)
Dendrimers are hyperbranched synthetic well-defined molecules with a number of potential applications, especially in relation to the need for new antiviral agents. One subclass of dendrimers are peptide-derivatized dendrimers which consist of a peptidyl branching core and covalently attached surface peptide functional units. Few studies have addressed the(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are effectors of the innate immunity of most organisms. Their role in the defense against pathogen attack and their high selectivity for bacterial cells make them attractive for the development of a new class of antimicrobial drugs. The N-terminal fragment of the frog-skin peptide esculentin-1b (Esc(1-18)) has shown(More)