Giorgio Grasselli

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Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels are involved in several inflammatory diseases. However, their action is still controversial, and both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory roles have been described. We used a strain of TRPV1-KO mice to characterize the role of these channels in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE),(More)
Synaptic dysfunction triggers neuronal damage in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of multiple sclerosis (MS). While excessive glutamate signaling has been reported in the striatum of EAE, it is still uncertain whether GABA synapses are altered. Electrophysiological recordings showed a reduction of spontaneous GABAergic synaptic(More)
Cerebellar deficit contributes significantly to disability in multiple sclerosis (MS). Several clinical and experimental studies have investigated the pathophysiology of cerebellar dysfunction in this neuroinflammatory disorder, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms are still unclear. In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of(More)
Georgia Mandolesi,1* Alessandra Musella,1,2* Antonietta Gentile,1,2 Giorgio Grasselli,1,3 Nabila Haji,1,4 Helena Sepman,1,2 Diego Fresegna,1 Silvia Bullitta,1 Francesca De Vito,1 Gabriele Musumeci,1 Claudio Di Sanza,1 Piergiorgio Strata,4 and Diego Centonze1,2 1Fondazione Santa Lucia/Centro Europeo per la Ricerca sul Cervello, 00143 Rome, Italy, 2Clinica(More)
A common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the impairment of motor control and learning, occurring in a majority of children with autism, consistent with perturbation in cerebellar function. Here we report alterations in motor behaviour and cerebellar synaptic plasticity in a mouse model (patDp/+) for the human 15q11-13 duplication, one of the(More)
Structural plasticity occurs physiologically or after brain damage to adapt or re-establish proper synaptic connections. This capacity depends on several intrinsic and extrinsic determinants that differ between neuron types. We reviewed the significant endogenous regenerative potential of the neurons of the inferior olive (IO) in the adult rodent brain and(More)
Glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity is supposed to induce neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS). Glatiramer acetate (GA) is an immunomodulatory agent used in MS treatment with potential neuroprotective action. Aim of the present study was to investigate whether GA has effects on glutamate transmission alterations occurring in experimental autoimmune(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glutamate transmission is dysregulated in both multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of MS. A characteristic of EAE is increased glutamate transmission associated with up-regulation of AMPA receptors. However, little is known about the role of NMDA receptors in the synaptic(More)
Plasticity in the central nervous system in response to injury is a complex process involving axonal remodeling regulated by specific molecular pathways. Here, we dissected the role of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43; also known as neuromodulin and B-50) in axonal structural plasticity by using, as a model, climbing fibers. Single axonal branches were(More)
Sensory integration difficulties have been reported in autism, but their underlying brain-circuit mechanisms are underexplored. Using five autism-related mouse models, Shank3+/ΔC, Mecp2(R308/Y), Cntnap2-/-, L7-Tsc1 (L7/Pcp2(Cre)::Tsc1(flox/+)), and patDp(15q11-13)/+, we report specific perturbations in delay eyeblink conditioning, a form of associative(More)