Giorgio Giovanni Bono

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A variety of headaches are frequently associated with the occurrence of neck pain. The purpose of this paper was to describe the adherence to diagnostic criteria of a series of patients enrolled on the basis of two clinical criteria: (1) unilateral headache without side-shift, and (2) pain starting in the neck and spreading to the fronto-ocular area. One(More)
OBJECTIVES While clinical hypothyroidism is associated with frank neuropsychological and affective alterations and is considered one of the causes of reversible dementia, the occurrence of these alterations and their treatment in mild hypothyroidism (MH) remains a controversial issue. Our aim was therefore to evaluate cognitive and psychological functions(More)
Dopamine neurotransmission is an important neuropharmacological component of ethanol reinforcement in rodents. A recently characterized class of compounds, dopamine partial receptor agonists, appears to possess a unique pharmacological profile on dopamine neurotransmission. The aim of the present study was to test the effects of systemic administration of(More)
Chronic alcohol consumption has been shown to be associated with abnormalities in the regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in humans. However, conflicting data exist in the literature, with particular regard to studies performed in actively drinking or withdrawn alcoholics; in addition, the frequent presence of depressive disturbances(More)
Estrogens are known to act selectively on some components of memory, exerting beneficial effects on cognitive performances. However, there are few data on the long-term effect of the lack of estrogen in postmenopausal women. Therefore, we investigated attentive and verbal memory performances in physiological and surgical menopause, drawing attention to the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has recently been reported to be associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, its actual prevalence, possible association with specific MS phenotypes, and potential pathophysiological role are debated. METHOD We analysed the clinical data of 710 MS patients attending six centres (five(More)
It is well established that a reciprocal control exists between the brain and glucocorticoid hormones. The brain regulates adrenocortical function via hypothalamic corticotrophin releasing hormone-41 (CRH-41), glucocorticoids act at specific receptors in the hippocampus, thus promoting negative feedback mechanisms. Because the hippocampus is a major site(More)
The first edition of the Italian diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines for primary headaches in adults was published in J Headache Pain 2(Suppl. 1):105–190 (2001). Ten years later, the guideline committee of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches (SISC) decided it was time to update therapeutic guidelines. A literature search was carried out on(More)
The term "whiplash" commonly refers to symptoms and signs associated with a mechanical event such as a sudden acceleration and deceleration of the neck (due, in the majority of cases, to a road accident), instead of to the mechanism itself. The recent Quebec Classification of Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) contributed to define nosographically all the(More)
In the present study the cognitive performance of 25 patients with Cushing's disease (CD) was extensively evaluated in comparison with normal control subjects, matched one by one. The results indicate a selective impairment of memory functions: the number of patients showing a significantly impaired mnesic performance increases with age. Moreover, the(More)