Giorgio Garofalo

Learn More
OBJECTIVES To assess the potential of bedside lung ultrasound to diagnose the radiologic alveolar-interstitial syndrome (AIS) in patients admitted to an emergency medicine unit and to estimate the occurrence of ultrasound pattern of diffuse and multiple comet tail artifacts in diseases involving lung interstitium. METHODS The ultrasonic feature of(More)
This review discusses the usefulness of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnostic distinction between different causes of acute dyspnea in the emergency setting, particularly focusing on differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is possible using a simple unit and easy-to-acquire(More)
To evaluate whether clinical and laboratory features of a hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier can predict risks of infection, its chronicity, and the development of liver disease among close contacts, the authors studied a cohort of 994 first degree relatives or cohabitants (household contacts) of 226 non-drug-addicted chronic HBsAg carriers (index(More)
A 19-year-old man presented to the emergency department, complaining of left thoracic pain and dyspnea on exertion for 2 days. He had a history of 3 recurrences of primary spontaneous left pneumothoraces. The third recurrence was treated by abrasion pleurodesis 7 months before. Bedside lung ultrasonography in the supine position showed an unusual pattern in(More)
OBJECTIVE to evaluate the trend over time of the use of seat belts by drivers and passengers of cars and vans and the use of hand held mobile phone while driving in Florence from 2005 to 2009. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: direct observations (58,773 vehicles) have been conducted to detect the use of seat belts by occupants of(More)
BACKGROUND Listening to music through portable MP3 players has become a very popular mode among young people and adolescents. The aim of this study is to investigate the behaviors of adolescents engaged in listening to music with MP3 player and the attendance at clubs (pubs, discotheques) where music is played at high volume. METHODS Among the 1470(More)
Two outbreaks of hepatitis A started almost simultaneously in a maternal school and in a day care centre located at opposite sides of Florence, Italy, at the end of 2002. Both of them originated from immigrant children, and in both cases, hepatitis A was initially not recognised due to aspecific symptoms. While vaccination of contacts started with delay in(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the effects of cycling promotion on major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and costs from the public healthcare payer's perspective. DESIGN Health impact assessment and economic evaluation using a dynamic model over a ten-year period and according to two cycling promotion scenarios. SETTING Cycling to work or school in Florence,(More)
The diagnostic performance of an Expert System (Jaundice) designed to discriminate between different causes of jaundice was evaluated in a test sample of 200 consecutive in-patients with serum bilirubin greater than or equal to 51 mumol/l. The average probability assigned to true diagnosis, the non-error rate and the overall accuracy were, respectively,(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the use, during transport by car, of restraint/booster seats by children of 6-12 years old in Florence. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS To examine children's use, knowledge and behaviors regarding safety devices in cars, a questionnaire has been administered to 537 students attending 17 primary schools in Florence, during their(More)