Giorgio Federici

Learn More
BACKGROUND Glutathione is a ubiquitous thiol-containing tripeptide, which plays a central role in cell biology. It is implicated in the cellular defence against xenobiotics and naturally occurring deleterious compounds, such as free radicals and hydroperoxides. Glutathione status is a highly sensitive indicator of cell functionality and viability. Its(More)
Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) is a rare disorder usually presenting within 6 months of birth. Although several genes have been linked to this disorder, in almost half the cases documented in Italy, the genetic cause remains unknown. Because the Akita mouse bearing a mutation in the Ins2 gene exhibits PNDM associated with pancreatic beta cell(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2 or TGM2) is a multi-functional enzyme which catalyzes transamidation reactions or acts as a G-protein in intracellular signalling. Tgm2-/- Mice lacking TG2 activity are glucose intolerant and show impairment of insulin secretion, suggesting an important physiological role for TG2 in the pancreatic beta cell. We have previously(More)
GSH peroxidase, GSSG reductase, GSH S-transferase, and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activities were measured in the supernatant of 13 human early pregnancy placenta homogenates. From measurements of GSH peroxidase activity with both H2O2 and cumene hydroperoxide as second substrate it was deduced that immature placenta contains only the Se-dependent form.(More)
Chemoresistance is a multifactorial phenomenon and many studies clearly show that a coordinated expression of efflux transporter proteins and phase II conjugating enzymes in tumor cells is linked to the development of the multidrug resistance phenotype. In particular, the overexpression of glutathione S-transferases and efflux pumps in tumors may reduce the(More)
INTRODUCTION Warfarin is currently considered to be the anticoagulant of choice in the long-term treatment and prevention of thromboembolic events. However, it presents a narrow therapeutic range and a great interindividual dose variability. We investigated the influence of variants of the VKORC1 and CYP2C9 loci on the mean weekly warfarin dose (MWWD)(More)
MOTIVATION Independent component analysis (ICA) is a signal processing technique that can be utilized to recover independent signals from a set of their linear mixtures. We propose ICA for the analysis of signals obtained from large proteomics investigations such as clinical multi-subject studies based on MALDI-TOF MS profiling. The method is validated on(More)
Selected 7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole derivatives have been recently found very efficient inhibitors of glutathione S-transferase (GST) P1-1, an enzyme which displays antiapoptotic activity and is also involved in the cellular resistance to anticancer drugs. These new inhibitors are not tripeptide glutathione-peptidomimetic molecules and display lipophylic(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are tiny, noncoding, small, endogenous RNAs that play major roles in neoplastic transformation and could therefore offer a better quantitative and noninvasive method for the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) using feces. In the present study, we screened feces for 648 miRNAs and analyzed the role of miR-144* as a potential(More)