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BACKGROUND A strong association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases has been reported. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-line therapy for OSA, able not only to reduce daytime sleepiness but also to improve cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes. Autoadjusting CPAP (APAP), an(More)
The neural regulation of circulatory function is mainly effected through the interplay of the sympathetic and vagal outflows. This interaction can be explored by assessing cardiovascular rhythmicity with appropriate spectral methodologies. Spectral analysis of cardiovascular signal variability, and in particular of RR period (heart rate variability, HRV),(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to assess short- and long-term prognosis of syncope and associated risk factors. BACKGROUND Syncope is a common clinical event, but our knowledge of its short-term outcome is largely incomplete. Further, it is unknown whether hospital admission might positively affect a patient's syncope prognosis. METHODS We screened 2,775(More)
Chest ultrasonography is a useful tool to assess extravascular lung water at bedside. In presence of interstitial-alveolar imbibition, vertical artifacts arising from the pleura are detected; these are called B-lines. Although a positive linear correlation between B-lines and extravascular lung water has been shown in symptomatic heart failure patients, the(More)
BACKGROUND Although cardiovascular rehabilitation and exercise training have substantial benefits in various ischemic heart disease (IHD) risk factors and subsequent prognosis after major IHD events, there is a paucity of information about its effects on autonomic regulation (such as heart rate variability [HRV] and baroreflex gain), particularly(More)
OBJECTIVES Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent extra-articular manifestation of RA associated with increased mortality. High-resolution CT (HRCT) is used for diagnosis and follow-up, but its accuracy is counterbalanced by high costs and radiological risk. In the presence of ILD, lung US (LUS) detects vertical artefacts called B-lines. The aims of(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the characteristics of patients referred to our heart failure outpatient clinic with those of patients enrolled in clinical trials on heart failure pharmacological treatment. Thus, we estimated the proportion of patients admitted to our heart failure outpatient clinic who would have been included in randomized(More)
In vitro studies revealed serotonin transporter (5-HTT) decline in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Yet, few studies investigated thalamic 5-HTT in vivo and its effect on PD heterogeneity. We analyzed thalamic [123I]β-CIT binding (mainly reflecting 5-HTT binding) in 32 drug-naïve PD patients and 13 controls with SPECT. Twenty-six patients were examined twice (17(More)