Giorgio Casadoro

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Ethylene-induced abscission in leaf and fruit explants of peach involves different enzymes. In leaves abscission is accompanied by increased occurrence of cellulase forms differing in isoelectric point (pI 6.5 and 9.5). A polypeptide with a molecular mass of 51 kDa gives in a western blot a strong cross-reaction with an antibody raised against a maturation(More)
Notwithstanding the economic importance of non-climacteric fruits like grape and strawberry, little is known about the mechanisms that regulate their ripening. Up to now no growth regulator has emerged with a primary role similar to that played by ethylene in the ripening of the climacteric fruits. Strawberries can produce ethylene, although in limited(More)
Ethylene promotes the abscission of leaves and the ripening of fruits in pepper plants, and in both events an increase in cellulase activity is observed. However, two enzyme isoforms (pI 7.2 and 8.5, respectively) are differentially involved in the two physiological phenomena. The pI 8.5 form has been purified from ripe fruits. It is a glycoprotein with an(More)
Strawberry fruits (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) undergo a marked softening during their ripening, and the process is accompanied by a release of free sugars with galactose among them. In this work total beta-galactosidase activity was measured in cell wall proteins from strawberry fruits at different developmental stages. Three full-length cDNAs (Fa beta(More)
Two full-length cDNA clones (faEG1 and faEG3, respectively) have been isolated by screening a cDNA library representing transcripts from red strawberry fruits. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA suggests that the strawberry endo-β-1,4-glucanases (EGases) are encoded by a multigene family. The cognate genes are predominantly expressed during the ripening(More)
During ripening, fleshy fruits undergo textural changes that lead to loss of tissue firmness and consequent softening. It is a common idea that this process is the consequence of cell wall dismantling carried out by different and orderly expressed enzymes. For this purpose, by using a single enzyme family approach many enzymes and related genes have been(More)
Ethylene has long been regarded as the main regulator of ripening in climacteric fruits. The characterization of a few tomato mutants, unable to produce climacteric ethylene and to ripen their fruits even following treatments with exogenous ethylene, has shown that other factors also play an important role in the control of climacteric fruit ripening. In(More)
Fleshy fruits represent a very important economic resource and, therefore, they are an ideal target for biotechnological ameliorations. However, because of their physiological and anatomical characteristics, ripe fleshy fruits represent an extremely difficult material for transient gene expression assays aimed at the study of gene promoters in a short time.(More)
Humic acids (HA) were found to be able to induce plant growth and di€erentiation, similar to those induced by hormonal substances (Muscolo et al., 1993). The e€ects on ion uptake in barley seedlings appear to be selective and their magnitude is related to the concentration of humic substances and to the pH of the medium (Nardi et al., 1996). HA stimulate(More)
MADS-box genes have been shown to play a role in the formation of fruits, both in Arabidopsis and in tomato. In peach, two C-class MADS-box genes have been isolated. Both of them are expressed during flower and mesocarp development. Here a detailed analysis of a gene that belongs to the PLENA subfamily of MADS-box genes is shown. The expression of this(More)