Giorgio Carrabba

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OBJECTIVE Subcortical stimulation can be used to identify functional language tracts during resection of gliomas located close to or within language areas or pathways. The objective of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of the routine use of subcortical stimulation for identification of language tracts in a large series of patients with(More)
Axonal injury is believed to be a major determinant of adverse outcomes following traumatic brain injury. However, it has been difficult to assess acutely the severity of axonal injury in human traumatic brain injury patients. We hypothesized that microdialysis-based measurements of the brain extracellular fluid levels of tau and neurofilament light chain,(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the ability of the combinatorial administration of different inhibitors with activities on glioma angiogenesis, migration, and proliferation to produce a prolonged inhibition of glioma growth. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We combined inhibitors affecting solely tumor angiogenesis (PF-4/CTF, cyclo-VEGI) or inhibitors affecting both(More)
Preoperative DTI Fiber Tracking (DTI-FT) reconstruction of functional tracts combined with intraoperative subcortical mapping (ISM) is potentially useful to improve surgical procedures in gliomas located in eloquent areas. Aims of the study are: (1) to evaluate the modifications of fiber trajectory induced by the tumor; (2) to validate preoperative DTI-FT(More)
This study evaluates the efficacy of the combination of an antiangiogenic drug and conventional chemotherapeutics for the treatment of experimental human gliomas. As an antiangiogenic, we used recombinant human PEX, a fragment of matrix metalloproteinase-2 that we have previously shown to have a significant antimitotic, anti-invasive, and antiangiogenic(More)
Angiogenesis, tumor cell proliferation, and migration are the hallmarks of solid tumors, such as gliomas. This study demonstrates that a fragment derived from the autocatalytic digestion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, called PEX, acts simultaneously as an inhibitor of glioma angiogenesis, cell proliferation, and migration. PEX is detected in the(More)
Glioblastomas represent an important cause of cancer-related mortality with poor survival. Despite many advances, the mean survival time has not significantly improved in the last decades. New experimental approaches have shown tumor regression after the grafting of neural stem cells and human mesenchymal stem cells into experimental intracranial gliomas of(More)
OBJECT Clival lesions pose significant challenges with regard to their surgical management. The expanded endoscopic endonasal (EEE) approach is a promising minimally invasive technique for lesions of the central skull base. The authors' aim in the current paper was to discuss the surgical treatment of clival lesions and to present the technical details,(More)
OBJECT Medical and surgical management of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) is complicated by a highly variable clinical course. The authors recently developed a preoperative scoring system to prognosticate outcomes of progression and survival in a cohort of patients treated at a single institution (University of California, San Francisco [UCSF]). The objective of(More)
AIM Surgery for gliomas located inside or in proximity of motor cortex or tracts requires cortical and subcortical mapping to locate motor function; direct electrical stimulation of brain cortex or subcortical pathways allows identification and preservation of motor function. In this study we evaluated the effect which subcortical motor mapping had on(More)