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Preoperative DTI Fiber Tracking (DTI-FT) reconstruction of functional tracts combined with intraoperative subcortical mapping (ISM) is potentially useful to improve surgical procedures in gliomas located in eloquent areas. Aims of the study are: (1) to evaluate the modifications of fiber trajectory induced by the tumor; (2) to validate preoperative DTI-FT(More)
OBJECTIVE Subcortical stimulation can be used to identify functional language tracts during resection of gliomas located close to or within language areas or pathways. The objective of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of the routine use of subcortical stimulation for identification of language tracts in a large series of patients with(More)
OBJECT Medical and surgical management of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) is complicated by a highly variable clinical course. The authors recently developed a preoperative scoring system to prognosticate outcomes of progression and survival in a cohort of patients treated at a single institution (University of California, San Francisco [UCSF]). The objective of(More)
Angiogenesis and tumor cell invasion are pathophysiological processes playing a pivotal role in glioma development and growth since the earliest phase. Angiogenesis and tumor invasion both can be considered as an invasive process in which cells are activated, and move away from their initial location, by modyfing the adhesiveness with the extracellular(More)
BACKGROUND The current standard-of-care for glioblastoma (GBM) is represented by concomitant radiotherapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ), according to Stupp's protocol. Second-line treatments for GBM have not been yet defined. Tamoxifen is an anti-estrogen molecule with anti-neoplastic effects whose role is under investigation. tamoxifen is generally well(More)
Axonal injury is believed to be a major determinant of adverse outcomes following traumatic brain injury. However, it has been difficult to assess acutely the severity of axonal injury in human traumatic brain injury patients. We hypothesized that microdialysis-based measurements of the brain extracellular fluid levels of tau and neurofilament light chain,(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the ability of the combinatorial administration of different inhibitors with activities on glioma angiogenesis, migration, and proliferation to produce a prolonged inhibition of glioma growth. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We combined inhibitors affecting solely tumor angiogenesis (PF-4/CTF, cyclo-VEGI) or inhibitors affecting both(More)
Studies describing subthalamic (STN) local field potentials (LFPs) recorded during deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), within the first month after DBS electrode implant, show that DBS modulates specific STN oscillations: whereas low-frequency (LF) oscillations (2-7 Hz) increase, beta oscillations (8-30 Hz) variably(More)
Anorectal malformations (ARM) are a spectrum of defects ranging from the very minor ones, with an excellent functional prognosis, to those that are more complex, often associated with other anomalies, difficult to manage and with a poor functional outcome. A significant number of these children suffer from fecal and urinary incontinence despite major(More)
AIM The growth of gliomas depends on the balance of factors stimulating or inhibiting angiogenesis, tumor cell invasion and proliferation. The administration of endogenous inhibitors to experimental human gliomas in animal models resulted in a significant inhibition of tumor growth. It is becoming apparent that resistance can develop over time to many types(More)