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Two experiments were conducted to evaluate semen quality of bulls housed under controlled conditions at a large AI facility and relate results to fertility. In Experiment 1 semen was collected from six 6-yr-old bulls twice daily at 3- to 4-d intervals for 3 d. In Experiment 2 eleven 6- to 11-yr-old bulls were used. Extensive breeding information was(More)
The objective of this study was to monitor ovarian function in postpartum primiparous and pluriparous Mediterranean Italian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) during months of increasing daylength. Ovarian ultrasound monitoring was carried out for a total of 60 days from calving in 10 primiparous and 10 pluriparous buffaloes. Progesterone was determined from(More)
The aim of this study was to test the effect of progesterone supplementation to Ovsynch protocol in cyclic and non-cyclic Mediterranean Italian buffaloes on conception rate after fixed time artificial insemination. From 169 pluriparous buffaloes, 2 groups were identified and subjected to: (1) Ovsynch protocol (OV; n=83) and (2) Ovsynch protocol with the(More)
This research was undertaken to improve development of parthenogenetic embryos following various combined treatments of ethanol and cycloheximide. In Experiment 1 in vitro matured oocytes (IVM, 24 hr) were treated with 7% ethanol for 5 min followed by incubation in 10 micrograms/ml cycloheximide in Medium 199 for 0 (control), 5, 10, and 20 hr. Development(More)
Bovine follicular oocytes were collected from ovarian antral follicles (2 to 7 mm in diameter) from slaughtered cattle. They were matured in vitro (IVM) for 23 to 24 h and then activated. In Experiment 1, 4 concentrations of ethanol were compared. The activation rates of oocytes were 4, 12, 36 and 27%, respectively, following exposure for 7 min to 0, 5, 7(More)
Since bovine in vitro fertilization became possible in the early 80s, a lot of effort has been done to clarify the mechanisms of what seems more and more one of the crucial steps in this procedure, being oocyte maturation. Undoubtedly, many biological factors act together to prepare the immature oocyte for a successful development to a competent embryo(More)
  • L Su, S Yang, +5 authors W Ji
  • 2012
To study the effect of donor age on oocyte developmental competence and steroid profiles, the crossbred cow (Murray Grey × Brahman) in Yunnan province of China were selected and divided into three groups according to its age. The three groups were young cows (n = 12; 12 months old), middle-aged cows (n = 15; parity: ≤3 calvings; age: 7-8 years old) and old(More)
We investigated the effects of 5'-end truncated CRISPR RNA-guided Cas9 nuclease (tru-RGN, 17/18 nucleotides) on genome editing capability in NIH/3T3 cells, and its efficiencies on generating Factor VII (FVII) gene-knockout (KO) mice. In cultured cells, RGNs on-target editing activity had been varied when gRNAs was truncated, higher at Site Two (tF7-2 vs.(More)
This research was designed to improve our understanding of oocyte maturation and acquisition of developmental competence of oocytes using prepubertal heifers as a model. Oocytes were collected by ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval from 20 age-matched calves at 5, 7, 9, and 11 mo of age that had or had not received gonadotropin stimulation.(More)
The average number of oocytes collected by ovum pick up (OPU) from Bos taurus cattle is <8 per live donor. The objective was to determine whether development of small numbers of cattle embryos (produced by OPU and IVF), was enhanced by including "helper" embryos, produced from abbatoir-derived oocytes and embedded in agarose. Oocytes were from(More)