Giorgio Aicardi

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Neurotrophins play an important role in modulating activity-dependent neuronal plasticity. In particular, threshold levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are required to induce long-term potentiation (LTP) in acute hippocampal slices. Conversely, the administration of exogenous BDNF prevents the induction of long-term depression (LTD) in the(More)
A major difficulty in treating alcohol addiction is the high rate of relapse even after prolonged abstinence. Relapse can be triggered by several factors, including stress, re-exposure to the drug, conditioned discrete stimuli and exposure to the context in which alcohol consumption occurred. The present study investigated the role played by the(More)
1. The Mg2+ block of Na+ and Ca2+ currents through high-voltage activated (HVA; L- and N-type) Ca2+ channels was studied in chick dorsal root ganglion neurones. 2. In low extracellular [Ca2+] (< 10(-8) M) and with Na+o and Cs+i as the main charge carriers (120 mM), HVA Na+ currents started to activate at -40 mV, reached inward peak values near 0 mV and(More)
The non-selective opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone reduces cocaine-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behaviour in abstinent rats. The current study sought to determine whether the opioid system is also involved in cocaine-seeking behaviour induced by cocaine-associated stimuli in abstinent rats. Adult male rats were trained to press a lever either(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to establish the ossification timing of sacral vertebrae by ultrasonography in the second trimester of pregnancy, for the diagnosis of caudal regression syndrome with isolated sacral agenesis. METHODS The study was carried out on 77 normal single pregnancies, at gestational ages ranging from 15 to 21 weeks, using(More)
The effect of the assisted zona hatching (AZH) procedure was investigated on 135 cycles with a poor prognosis of pregnancy due to: (i) maternal age > or = 38 years (45 cycles); (ii) three or more failed in-vitro fertilization (IVF) attempts (70 cycles), and (iii) patients possessing both inclusion criteria (20 cycles). The control groups (113 cycles)(More)
Regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) secretion plays a critical role in long-term potentiation (LTP). It is generally thought that the supply for this secretion is newly synthesized BDNF targeted to the synapse. Here we provide evidence that hippocampal neurons additionally recycle BDNF for activity-dependent secretion. Exogenously applied(More)
The organization of somatosensory input and the input-output relationships in regions of the agranular frontal cortex (AGr) and granular parietal cortex (Gr) were examined in the chronic awake guinea pig, using the combined technique of single-unit recording and intracortical microstimulation (ICMS). AGr, which was cytoarchitectonically subdivided into(More)
The environment in which alcohol consumption occurs may trigger later relapse in alcohol abusers. In this study, we tested whether an alcohol-associated environment would induce alcohol-seeking behavior. Male rats were trained to lever press for oral alcohol reinforcement in a distinctive context. Responding was then extinguished in a context with different(More)
Skeletal status by phalangeal quantitative osteosonography (DBM Sonic BP - IGEA) was examined in 1227 healthy children (641 boys and 586 girls) aged 3–16 years. Aims of the study were to evaluate some physical parameters pertaining to the ultrasound transmission crossing the phalanx in a school-age population and to relate these values to age, sex, and(More)