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BACKGROUND All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) with chemotherapy is the standard of care for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), resulting in cure rates exceeding 80%. Pilot studies of treatment with arsenic trioxide with or without ATRA have shown high efficacy and reduced hematologic toxicity. METHODS We conducted a phase 3, multicenter trial comparing ATRA(More)
BACKGROUND The prophylactic use of fluoroquinolones in patients with cancer and neutropenia is controversial and is not a recommended intervention. METHODS We randomly assigned 760 consecutive adult patients with cancer in whom chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (<1000 neutrophils per cubic millimeter) was expected to occur for more than seven days to(More)
Trichosporonosis is an uncommon but frequently fatal mycosis in immunocompromised patients. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted to characterize cases of proven or probable invasive trichosporonosis diagnosed over the past 20 years in Italian patients with hematological diseases. Of the 52 cases identified, 17 were classified as Trichosporon sp.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors, treatments and outcome of invasive aspergillosis in patients with acute myeloid leukemia based on data collected in a registry. DESIGN AND METHODS The registry, which was activated in 2004 and closed in 2007, collected data on patients with acute myeloid leukemia, admitted to 21(More)
BACKGROUND Current treatment recommendations for patients with polycythemia vera call for maintaining a hematocrit of less than 45%, but this therapeutic strategy has not been tested in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS We randomly assigned 365 adults with JAK2-positive polycythemia vera who were being treated with phlebotomy, hydroxyurea, or both to(More)
We designed a phase 1-2 study to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of increasing doses of bendamustine (160 mg/m², 180 mg/m², and 200 mg/m² given on days -7 and -6) coupled with fixed doses of etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan (BeEAM regimen) as the conditioning regimen to autologous stem cell transplantation for resistant/relapsed lymphoma patients.(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM) exon-12 mutations occur in 50% to 60% of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with normal karyotype and are predictors of favorable prognosis. We evaluated bone marrow or peripheral blood samples from 450 adult patients with AML of the GIMEMA (Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto)/AML12 EORTC (European Organization for(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of the three angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genotypes, DD, ID, and II, with the occurrence or absence of coronary atherosclerosis and with myocardial infarction and hypertension. DESIGN Cohort analysis study. SETTING North-Italy reference centre. SUBJECTS 388 white Italian patients (281 males; mean age(More)
To evaluate efficacy, safety, changes in biological features, and quality of life (QoL) in low-risk anemic patients with MDS treated with darbepoetin alfa (DPO), 41 patients received DPO 150 microg weekly for 24 weeks. The dose was increased to 300 microg weekly in non-responsive patients. During treatment, 10/17 (59%) transfusion-dependent (TD) and 13/23(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by leukemic cells blocked at the promyelocytic stage of granulocytic differentiation. To date, it is still not clear whether CD34 expression identifies a subset of APL patients with peculiar characteristics. We, therefore, conducted a detailed analysis of CD34 expression at(More)