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The proportion of centres returning the ERA-EDTA Registry questionnaires has decreased considerably in recent years. Demographic information, based on the response rate of centres in 1994 (44%), does not allow reasonable projections for management of renal failure in Europe. To encourage the participation of non-responding centres, the timing was right to(More)
MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene for nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC-IIA). MYH9-RD is characterized by a considerable variability in clinical evolution: patients present at birth with only thrombocytopenia, but some of them subsequently develop sensorineural deafness, cataract,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although successful pregnancy is rare, results attained with higher dialysis efficiency and the spread of dialysis to different cultural and religious settings are changing the panorama. In this study, we systematically review the recent literature (2000 through 2008) on pregnancy in dialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
BACKGROUND Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF) is a complex clinical entity characterized by a fibro-inflammatory reaction around the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries extended into the retroperitoneum. No biochemical marker correlates with the disease severity and progression, and imaging data fail to discriminate between fibrotic and florid lesions. Positron(More)
BACKGROUND Intracystic infection, in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) and in kidneys with multiple cysts, is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, as conventional imaging techniques may not discriminate among "complicated" cysts (infection, bleeding, neoplasia), and as the clinical picture may be attenuated, in particular in early(More)
The effect of alimentary gluten and of its lectin-like fraction gliadin in inducing IgA mesangial deposits in BALB/c mice was investigated. In the pilot study G1 (4 mice), G2 (4 mice) and G3 (6 mice) received ovalbumin, human gamma-globulins, and crude gluten, respectively. The antigens, 1 mg/ml, were given in drinking water for 14 weeks. G4 (20 mice) were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients who die within 90 days of commencing renal replacement therapy (RRT) may be recorded by some centres and not others, and hence data on mortality and survival may not be comparable. However, it is essential to compare like with like when analysing differences between modalities, centres and registries. It was decided, therefore, to look(More)
BACKGROUND It is not known whether smoking increases the risk of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in patients with primary renal disease. METHODS We performed a retrospective multicenter case-control study including 582 patients from nine centers in Germany, Italy and Austria. The diseases investigated were IgA glomerulonephritis (IgA-GN) as a model of(More)
In thrice-weekly hemodialysis, survival correlates with the length of time (t) of each dialysis and the dose (Kt/V), and deaths occur most frequently on Mondays and Tuesdays. We studied the influence of t and Kt/V on survival in 262 patients on short-daily hemodialysis (SDHD) and also noted death rate by weekday. Contingency tables, Kaplan-Meier analysis,(More)
Relationships between viruses and autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are still elusive. Recent reports demonstrated the association of some viral infections with peculiar clinical events in the general population, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) with arterial damage and Parvovirus B19 (PV-B19) with hematologic abnormalities. We(More)