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MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene for nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC-IIA). MYH9-RD is characterized by a considerable variability in clinical evolution: patients present at birth with only thrombocytopenia, but some of them subsequently develop sensorineural deafness, cataract,(More)
BACKGROUND Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF) is a complex clinical entity characterized by a fibro-inflammatory reaction around the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries extended into the retroperitoneum. No biochemical marker correlates with the disease severity and progression, and imaging data fail to discriminate between fibrotic and florid lesions. Positron(More)
The proportion of centres returning the ERA-EDTA Registry questionnaires has decreased considerably in recent years. Demographic information, based on the response rate of centres in 1994 (44%), does not allow reasonable projections for management of renal failure in Europe. To encourage the participation of non-responding centres, the timing was right to(More)
To evaluate the role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in the progression of immunoglobulin A glomerulonephritis (IgA-GN), genotype distribution in 81 biopsy-proven cases of IgA-GN was studied. A logistic regression model showed that the risk for homozygous DD was not significantly elevated in patients with(More)
Twelve cases of glomerulonephritis in patients without systemic diseases, displaying organized glomerular deposits, were reported. Microfibrils (11-30 nm diameter) were found in 9 patients and microtubules (20-35 nm diameter) in the other 3. Histochemical stainings for amyloid were always negative. By light microscopy, mesangial proliferative, membranous(More)
The diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) requires demonstration of parenchymal involvement. When no predisposing conditions are found, non-complicated APN is suspected and CT or MRI should be performed. Diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI might be useful, quicker and cheaper than the standard gadolinium-enhanced (GE) MRI. The aim of this study is to compare(More)
To assess whether chlorambucil or cyclophosphamide may have a better therapeutic index in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy, we compared two regimens based on a 6-mo treatment, alternating every other month methylprednisolone with chlorambucil or methylprednisolone with cyclophosphamide. Patients with biopsy-proven membranous nephropathy and(More)
IgA subclasses in circulating immune complexes (IgA1IC), serum immunoglobulins and mesangial deposits in Berger's and Schönlein-Henoch glomerulonephritis (GN) were studied. Both IgA1IC and IgA2IC were significantly higher in Berger's and Schönlein-Henoch GN than in healthy people. In phases of clinical activity both IgAIC subclasses further increased. The(More)
BACKGROUND There is an increasing tendency to allocate kidneys from marginal donors in older recipients. This combination optimizes the uses of an expanded donor pool but demands attention for the higher nephrotoxic sensitivity of the kidney and the increased immunosuppression vulnerability of the elderly recipients. We aimed to reduce these hazards by(More)
In an uncontrolled study a gluten-free diet was given to 29 patients affected by primary IgA nephropathy (IgAGN). All of them followed the diet for 6 months, 23 patients for 1 year and 9 for 2 to 4 years. Mean levels of IgA containing circulating immune complexes (IgAIC), detected by a specific conglutinin assay and by measuring IgA content in 2.5%(More)