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VEGF antagonists are now widely used cancer therapeutics, but predictive biomarkers of response or toxicity remain unavailable. In this study, we analyzed the effects of anti-VEGF therapy on tumor metabolism and therapeutic response by using an integrated set of imaging techniques, including bioluminescence metabolic imaging, 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron(More)
We investigated the metabolic profile of cancer stem cells (CSC) isolated from patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. CSC overexpressed genes associated with glucose uptake, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), and fatty acid β-oxidation, indicating higher ability to direct pyruvate towards the Krebs cycle. Consistent with a metabolic profile dominated by(More)
UNLABELLED Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) carries a severe prognosis because of its strong invasiveness and early metastasization. In several patients, otherwise eligible for surgical resection, micrometastasis are already present at the time of surgery. The mechanisms responsible for CCA invasiveness are unclear. S100A4, a member of the S100 family of small(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) has emerged as one of the most important discoveries of the last years in the field of molecular biology. Following clarification of this highly conserved endogenous gene silencing mechanism, RNAi has largely been exploited as a powerful tool to uncover the function of specific genes and to understand the effects of selective gene(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Gefitinib and erlotinib were shown to be particularly effective in a clinically selected subpopulation of non-small cell lung cancer patients (NSCLC): adenocarcinoma histology, non-smoking status, Asian origin and female gender have been associated with improved clinical benefit compared to the unselected NSCLC population. The aim of the(More)
Malignant transformation of cells is often accompanied by up-regulation of glycolysis-related enzymes and transporters, as well as a distortion of mitochondrial respiration. As a consequence, most malignant tumors utilize high amounts of glucose and produce and accumulate high concentrations of lactate, even in the presence of oxygen. This phenomenon has(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-8b (FGF8b) exerts nonredundant autocrine/paracrine functions in steroid hormone-regulated tumors. Previous observations had shown that the soluble pattern recognition receptor long pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is a natural selective antagonist for a restricted number of FGF family members, inhibiting FGF2 but not FGF1 and FGF4 activity. Here,(More)
Hypoxia and the acquisition of a glycolytic phenotype are intrinsic features of the tumor microenvironment. The hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) pathway is activated under hypoxic conditions and orchestrates a complex transcriptional program that enhances cell survival. Although the consequences of HIF-1alpha inactivation in cancer cells have(More)
Nuclear expression of the calcium-binding protein S100A4 is a biomarker of increased invasiveness in cholangiocarcinoma, a primary liver cancer with scarce treatment opportunities and dismal prognosis. In this study, we provide evidence that targeting S100A4 nuclear import by low-dose paclitaxel, a microtubule-stabilizing agent, inhibits cholangiocarcinoma(More)
UNLABELLED Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is characterized by an abundant stromal reaction. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are pivotal in tumor growth and invasiveness and represent a potential therapeutic target. To understand the mechanisms leading to CAF recruitment in CCA, we studied (1) expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in surgical(More)