Giorgia Grutter

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AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term outcome of pacemakers (PMs) in paediatric patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients' data were retrospectively reviewed. We recorded the techniques and systems used, any complication, and outcome. Endocardial leads were inserted by transcutaneous puncture of subclavian vein and fixed with a non-absorbable(More)
BACKGROUND We discuss 4 cases of plastic bronchitis (PB) after Fontan procedure observed at our Institution, with the aim to identify an effective treatment and possible factors favoring the onset of PB. Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon disease characterized by recurrent formation of large pale bronchial casts obstructing the tracheobronchial tree. The(More)
We describe 17 patients (8 girls, and 9 boys), aged 9.6 ± 5.7 years, with paroxysmal atrioventricular block (PAVB), a condition rarely described in children. Holter monitoring documented the PAVB in 15 patients, and tilt test was performed in 4 patients (positive in 1). The electrocardiograph (ECG) was normal in 7 patients. Two patients had acquired and 11(More)
INTRODUCTION The field of pediatric electrophysiology poses many challenges to electrophysiologists. In particular there are two major concerns: (1) to reduce the amount of fluoroscopy exposure to patients and medical staff in the catheterization laboratory and (2) to minimize the number of vascular accesses. Prolonged fluoroscopy times are associated with(More)
Cryoablation is an effective treatment for children with supraventricular tachycardias (SVT). The present study documents the effect of two different cryoablation protocols on acute and chronic success rates. Fifty-three consecutive patients (age range, 5–20 years) were treated; patients 1 to 17 were treated by a standard ablation protocol and patients 18(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the safety and efficacy of cryoablation in the treatment of pediatric patients with accessory pathways (APs) located near the atrioventricular junction and with atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT). BACKGROUND Few studies concern cryoablation in a significant number of pediatric patients involving treatment for(More)
Limb-girdle muscle dystrophy type 2I is associated with mutations in the gene encoding Fukutin-related protein. Clinical phenotypes are heterogeneous, ranging from isolated hyperCkemia to severe congenital muscular dystrophy. Affected patients frequently develop dilated cardiomyopathy, depending on evolution of their skeletal myopathy. We report on an 8(More)
AIMS Endocardial (ENDO) or epicardial (EPI) pacing systems are implanted in infants but it remains unclear which system should be preferred. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated the results of children <or=1 year who underwent pacemaker (PM) implantation at our centre with a retrospective analysis. Between 1992 and 2004, 56 patients, 37 of whom had other(More)
The present study assessed the usefulness of brain natriuretic peptide in evaluating the cardiovascular status in children and grown-ups with congenital or acquired disease affected by chronic cardiac failure. Brain natriuretic peptide should be included in the risk stratification of children with dilated cardiomyopathy. In patients with congenital heart(More)