Giordano Rampioni

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The quorum sensing (QS) system of Pseudomonas aeruginosa constitutes a sophisticated genome-wide gene regulatory network employing both N-acylhomoserine lactone and 2-alkyl-4-quinolone (AQ) signal molecules. AQ signalling utilizes 2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4-quinolone (PQS) and its immediate precursor, 2-heptyl-4-quinolone (HHQ). AQ biosynthesis requires the first(More)
The quorum sensing (QS) signalling system of Pseudomonas aeruginosa controls many important functions, including virulence. Although the production of the QS signal molecule N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine lactone (3OC(12)-HSL) is positively autoregulated, its concentration reaches a steady level long before stationary phase. The RsaL protein represses(More)
Bacterial populations co-ordinate gene expression collectively through quorum sensing (QS), a cell-to-cell communication mechanism employing diffusible signal molecules. The LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) protein PqsR (MvfR) is a key component of alkyl-quinolone (AQ)-dependent QS in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. PqsR is activated by(More)
StyR belongs to the FixJ subfamily of signal transduction response regulators; it controls transcription of the styABCD operon coding for styrene catabolism in Pseudomonas fluorescens ST. The crystal structure of unphosphorylated StyR is reported at 2.2 A resolution. StyR is composed of an N-terminal regulatory domain (StyR-N) and a C-terminal DNA binding(More)
In Pseudomonas putida and Pseduomonas aeruginosa, the similar PpuR/RsaL/PpuI and LasR/RsaL/LasI acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) quorum sensing (QS) systems have been shown to be under considerable regulation by other global regulators. A major regulator is the RsaL protein which strongly directly represses the transcription of the P. putida ppuI and P.(More)
In the opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, quorum sensing (QS) is crucial for virulence. The RsaL protein directly represses the transcription of lasI, the synthase gene of the main QS signal molecule. On the basis of sequence homology, RsaL cannot be predicted to belong to any class of characterized DNA-binding proteins. In this study, an(More)
The need for novel antibacterial strategies and the awareness of the importance of quorum sensing (QS) in bacterial infections have stimulated research aimed at identifying QS inhibitors (QSIs). However, clinical application of QSIs identified so far is still distant, likely due to their unsuitability for use in humans. A promising way to overcome this(More)
AIMS To develop new genetic tools for studying 3',5'-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) signalling in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. METHODS AND RESULTS Plasmid pPcdrA::lux, carrying a transcriptional fusion between the c-di-GMP responsive promoter PcdrA and the luxCDABE reporter genes, has been generated and validated in purpose-built P. aeruginosa strains in(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa pathogenic potential is controlled via multiple regulatory pathways, including three quorum sensing (QS) systems. LasR is a key QS signal receptor since it acts as a global transcriptional regulator required for optimal expression of main virulence factors. P. aeruginosa modulates the QS response by integrating this cell(More)
In this article we present novel aspects of the impact that synthetic biology (SB) can express in a field traditionally based on computer science: information and communication technologies (ICTs), an area that we will consider taking into account also possible implications for artificial intelligence (AI) research. In the first part of this article we will(More)