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The formation of slums need not be inevitable with rapid urbanization. Such an argument appears to be contradicted by evidence of large slum populations in a large number of developing countries and particularly in rapidly urbanizing regions like Asia. The evidence discussed suggests that city authorities faced with rapid urban development lack the capacity… (More)
Traditional Chinese medicine as it persists in several East and Southeast Asian countries, has undergone major changes. Such changes have reinforced the trading aspects of traditional Chinese medical practice with relatively little advantage for the medical care component. This paper examines the nature of changes in contemporary ethnic Chinese medical… (More)
This work was made possible through funding provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the institutions where the writers were employed and undertaken as work for the Knowledge Network on Urban Settings (KNUS), established as part of the WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. The views presented in this work/publication/report are… (More)
Chinese medicine persists in many parts of East and Southeast Asia. This persistence has meant the re-organisation of traditional Chinese medical practice. Institutional developments and adjustments observed among the traditional Chinese medical practitioners, the chung-i, have created diversity. Such diversity among the chung-i is evident by comparing not… (More)
In certain countries of east and south-east Asia, traditional Chinese medicine continues to be used by many people. However, the pattern of use favours the advance of the drug-retailing side of this sector rather than medical care, and there is consequently some concern about the professional status of practitioners in the long term.