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The lentivirus feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a widespread pathogen of the domestic cat that is mainly transmitted through bites, although other means of transmission are also possible. Its prevalence ranges from 1 to 10% in different cat populations throughout the world, thus representing a large reservoir of naturally infected animals. FIV(More)
Elevation of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is a risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke. GGT activity can catalyze the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), a process involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Serum GGT is partially adsorbed onto circulating LDL, and catalytically active GGT has been found within(More)
Doxorubicin (DXR), an anthracycline antineoplastic drug, is mainly metabolized to the C-13 dihydroderivative doxorubicinol (DXR-ol), which displays cytotoxic activity on various cell lines. To better characterize the cytotoxic activity of this metabolite, we have studied the effect of DXR (0.1-10 micrograms/ml) or DXR-ol (1-100 micrograms/ml) on the(More)
In this study, we describe for the first time the occurrence, within the central nervous system of the rat, of a dehydroascorbate reductase analogous to the one we recently described in the liver. Dehydroascorbate reductase plays a pivotal role in regenerating ascorbic acid from its oxidation product, dehydroascorbate. In a first set of experiments, we(More)
To evaluate the different contributions of either microsomal FAD-containing ( FADM ) or cytochrome P-450 dependent monooxygenases in the bioactivation and liver toxicity of thioacetamide-S-oxide ( TASO ) (a proximate metabolite of the liver toxin and carcinogen thioacetamide), this compound: (i) was given to rats pretreated with methimazole (a substrate and(More)
Administration of thiobenzamide in a single dose (25 mg/100 g body wt by stomach tube) to male rats induced centrilobular necrosis, which became evident 10 h after the poisoning. In the meantime liver weight and water content underwent changes, glycogen was lost, triglycerides accumulated in the liver while decreasing in serum, [3H] leucine uptake in(More)
The cell composition of the biliary proliferations induced by thioacetamide administration was investigated. At the end of the intoxication period the main cell types identified among the neoformed bile duct cells were as follows: i) poorly differentiated cells (oval cells) usually arranged in clusters or tiny cords, provided with a great amount of free(More)
Since it is known that tumor cell membranes have lost the capacity to undergo lipid peroxidation, it seemed of interest to investigate whether the loss of susceptibility to lipid peroxidation represents a tumoral marker appearing in preneoplastic cells together with the other known tumoral markers. A histochemical technique was developed to detect lipid(More)