Ginette Thomas

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A decrease in the abundance and biodiversity of intestinal bacteria within the dominant phylum Firmicutes has been observed repeatedly in Crohn disease (CD) patients. In this study, we determined the composition of the mucosa-associated microbiota of CD patients at the time of surgical resection and 6 months later using FISH analysis. We found that a(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that some heat shock proteins (Hsps), in particular the 72-kDa inducible Hsp70, associate to the cell membrane and might be secreted through an unknown mechanism to exert important functions in the immune response and signal transduction. We speculated that specialized structures named lipid rafts, known as important platforms(More)
OBJECTIVE Gut microbiota metabolises bile acids (BA). As dysbiosis has been reported in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), we aim to investigate the impact of IBD-associated dysbiosis on BA metabolism and its influence on the epithelial cell inflammation response. DESIGN Faecal and serum BA rates, expressed as a proportion of total BA, were assessed by(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD)-associated dysbiosis is characterised by a loss of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, whose culture supernatant exerts an anti-inflammatory effect both in vitro and in vivo. However, the chemical nature of the anti-inflammatory compounds has not yet been determined. METHODS Peptidomic analysis using mass spectrometry was applied(More)
In response to many stresses and pathologic states, including different models of nervous system injury, cells synthesize a variety of proteins, most notably the inducible 72 kDa heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), which plays important roles in maintaining cellular integrity and viability. We report here that cultured astrocytes from rat diencephalon express(More)
Surface proteins of Gram-positive bacteria play crucial roles in bacterial adhesion to host tissues. Regarding commensal or probiotic bacteria, adhesion to intestinal mucosa may promote their persistence in the gastro-intestinal tract and their beneficial effects to the host. In this study, seven Lactococcus lactis strains exhibiting variable surface(More)
The molecular basis of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) in three families of Spanish descent from La Habana was investigated by the candidate gene approach. The Arg3500Gln mutation of apolipoprotein B-100 was not found. Identification of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene haplotypes segregating with FH guided the characterisation of three point(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) have adapted to the presence of commensal bacteria through a state of tolerance that involves a limited response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Low or absent expression of two LPS receptor molecules, the myeloid differentiation (MD)-2 receptor, and toll-like receptor (TLR)4 was suggested to underlie LPS tolerance in IEC. In(More)
RATIONALE Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) secrete many chemokines in response to proinflammatory stimuli. We investigated their role in the mucosal inflammatory response in the intestine, by developing a non-targeted approach for analyzing the profile of peptides secreted by stimulated IEC, based on differential mass spectrometry analysis. METHODS(More)
In York between 1941 and 1949, 632 patients underwent Polya partial gastrectomy for peptic ulcer. Of 307 patients who were followed up in the York Gastric Clinic from 1971 to 1980, nine died of gastric cancer, three times the expected number. If gastrectomy was performed for gastric ulcer the risk of later development of carcinoma (7%) was significantly(More)