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The frequency of gene flow from Brassica napus L. (canola) to four wild relatives, Brassica rapa L., Raphanus raphanistrum L., Sinapis arvensis L. and Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz, was assessed in greenhouse and/or field experiments, and actual rates measured in commercial fields in Canada. Various marker systems were used to detect hybrid(More)
Plants encode a distinct set of polygalacturonase inhibitory proteins (PGIPs) that function to inhibit polygalacturonase enzymes produced by soft-rot fungal pathogens. We characterized two PGIP-encoding genes ( Bnpgip1 and Bnpgip2) from Brassica napus DH12075 (a double-haploid line derived from a cross between 'Crésor' and 'Westar'). The two proteins(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a ubiquitous necrotrophic fungal pathogen capable of infecting a wide range of plants. To identify genes involved in fungal development and pathogenesis we generated 2232 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from two cDNA libraries constructed using either mycelia grown in pectin medium or tissues from infected Brassica napus stems. A(More)
We report the tagging of genes involved in blackleg resistance, present in the French cultivar Crésor of B. napus, with RFLP markers. A total of 218 cDNA probes were tested on the parental cultivars Crésor (resistant) and Westar (susceptible), and 141 polymorphic markers were used in a segregating population composed of 98 doubled-haploid lines (DH). A(More)
Five major and several minor PG isoenzymes were identified in a Sclerotinia sclerotiorum isolate from Brassica napus by isoelectric focusing and pectin gel overlays. Using a combination of degenerate PCR and expressed sequence tags (ESTs) four endo-polygalacturonase (PG) genes, designated as sspg1d, sspg3, sspg5, and sspg6, and two exo-PG genes, ssxpg1 and(More)
Twenty-two intergeneric hybrids from a cross between Brassica napus (AACC, 2n = 38) cultivar Oro and the ornamental crucifer Orychophragmus violaceus (OO, 2n = 24) were produced without embryo rescue. The plants were classified into three groups based on morphological and cytological observations and RAPD banding patterns. Plants of Group I had(More)
Embryos excised from the seed of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) accumulated glucosinolate from the culture medium. Uptake was saturable, subject to inhibition, varied with the developmental stage of the embryo but correlated with the time of accumulation of glucosinolates in situ. It is suggested that a carrier-mediated transport system is operating in the(More)
The ascomycete Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a necrotrophic plant pathogen with an extremely broad host range. It causes stem rot in Camelina sativa, a crucifer with great potential as an alternative oilseed crop. Lignification is a common phenomenon in the expression of resistance against necrotrophs, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this defence(More)
The low glucosinolate Brassica juncea breeding line 1058 was derived from a BC1F3 plant of an interspecific cross between high glucosinolate Indian B. juncea (genome AABB, 2n = 36) line 60143 and B. rapa (genome AA, 2n = 20) canola strain CZY. Line 60143 had 2n = 36 chromosomes (18 bivalents at metaphase I) and strain CZY had 2n = 20 chromosomes (10(More)
Factors affecting microspore embryogenesis of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) were evaluated, including flower bud length, pollen developmental stage, and microspore density. An embryogenic frequency of 300 embryos per Petri plate was observed with NLN (Nitsch-Lichter-Nitsch) medium supplemented with 13% sucrose, 3.0–3.4-mm-long buds, and a(More)