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BACKGROUND Chagas disease is no longer limited to Latin America and is becoming frequent in industrialised countries in Europe and United States. METHODS A descriptive study of Latin American immigrants in Barcelona attending two centres for imported diseases during a period of 3 years. The main outcome was the identification of Trypanosoma cruzi-infected(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of β-blockers on infarct size when used in conjunction with primary percutaneous coronary intervention is unknown. We hypothesize that metoprolol reduces infarct size when administered early (intravenously before reperfusion). METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with Killip class II or less anterior ST-segment-elevation myocardial(More)
To identify predictors of late mortality, 259 consecutive men (less than or equal to 60 years old) who survived acute myocardial infarctions were catheterized one month after admission and were then followed for a mean of 34 months. Nineteen patients (7 per cent) died during the observation period. Of 79 base-line descriptors, 17 proved to be univariate(More)
BACKGROUND Increased levels of circulating cytokines have been previously reported in patients with congestive heart failure; however, whether they have prognostic implications is still unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic implications of elevated serum cytokines in patients with heart failure and to identify the predictors of(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is an important phenomenon in atherosclerotic plaque growth and in plaque instability. Cytokines are nuclear mediators in the inflammatory response; some have proinflammatory and others anti-inflammatory roles. Proinflammatory cytokines have been associated with worse outcomes in unstable angina. The aims of this study were to(More)
BACKGROUND Adherence to evidence-based cardiovascular (CV) medications after an acute myocardial infarction (MI) is low after the first 6 months. The use of fixed-dose combinations (FDC) has been shown to improve treatment adherence and risk factor control. However, no previous randomized trial has analyzed the impact of a polypill strategy on adherence in(More)
Ischemic heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death worldwide. A large proportion of individuals at high 10-year risk of a cardiovascular event live in low-income and middle-income countries, and the large majority of all cardiovascular events occur in developing countries. A large amount of evidence supports the use of pharmacological(More)
A 47-year-old man presented with exertional angina. Selective coronary arteriography showed complete systolic segmental occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery producing milking effect. Permanent relief of symptoms was achieved by surgical excision of myocardial bridges. Postoperative angiography performed 11 months later was normal.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies is related to the incidence and progression of severe valvular dysfunction and the need for valve replacement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS In this prospective, long-term followup study, the initial echocardiographic findings in a cohort of 61(More)
The association of myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries was analyzed prospectively. A series of 259 consecutive men aged 60 years or less underwent selective coronary angiography 30 days after a definite infarct. Coronary arterial lesions were documented in 251 patients, normal coronary arteries in the remaining 8. The latter patients had a(More)