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RATIONALE There is evidence that drugs that improve or impair learning can facilitate or block ethanol tolerance, respectively. Since GABA(B) receptors have been shown to be involved in processes related to learning, it is possible that this system could play a role in the development of rapid tolerance to ethanol. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is a neuromodulator and an intercellular and retrograde messenger that mediates several functions in the central nervous system. The effects of ethanol (EtOH) on neuronal NO-dependent pathways have been the focus of recent research. Most studies have concentrated on the actions of chronic EtOH exposure. In this study, we(More)
Maneb, an organomanganese fungicide, is largely used in agricultural regions for control of field crop pathologies. Despite its apparent low toxicity, there are reports showing that maneb has harmful effects on peripheral and central nervous systems. In this work the effects of acute administration of maneb were studied on some experimental animal models.(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that male and female rats exhibit a differential pattern of behavior in the elevated plus-maze as a function of age. In the present study, the influence of individual housing conditions on young animals treated with one of two classical anxioselective drugs, diazepam or pentylenetetrazole, was(More)
Our recent study demonstrated that neurosteroids might either facilitate or block chronic tolerance to the incoordinating effects of ethanol. The present study investigated the effects of neurosteroids on the development of rapid tolerance to ethanol-induced motor impairment using the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist dizocilpine [(+)-MK-801](More)
In a recent study, we showed that D-cycloserine, an agonist at the glycine site of the NMDA receptor, enhances the development of rapid tolerance to ethanol. In the present study, we report that the acquisition of rapid tolerance to the motor incoordination effect of ethanol (tilt-plane test) was increased only when D-cycloserine was injected before, but(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of neurosteroids on the development of tolerance to ethanol. Male Swiss mice were injected daily with the positive allosteric modulator of the gamma amino butyric acid-A (GABA(A)) receptor epipregnanolone (5beta-pregnan-3beta-ol-20-one; 0.15 mg/kg i.p.) or pregnenolone sulfate(More)
We have compared the performance of male and female Wistar rats at different ages (45, 60, 90, 120 and 150 days) in the elevated plus-maze test, a reliable animal model of anxiety. Up to 60 days of age, rats of both sexes exhibited a high number of entries and of time spent on open arms (50% or above). At 120 days of age or more, rats of both sexes(More)
RATIONALE Several reports have suggested the involvement of brain adenosine and dopamine receptors in different actions produced by ethanol such as motor incoordination or anxiolytic, hypnotic and reinforcing effects. The co-localization and interaction between adenosine and dopamine receptors in different brain regions has also been well documented.(More)
The effect of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists [dizocilpine, (+)MK-801, and ketamine], an NMDA agonist (D-cycloserine) and of brain serotonin (5-HT) depletion with p-chlorophenylalanine (p-CPA) on acute tolerance to ethanol was examined, using the tolerance model proposed by Radlow [Psychopharmacology 114 (1994) 1-8] and Martin and Moss [Alcohol Clin(More)