Gina S Fiorini

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This review article describes recent developments in microfluidics, with special emphasis on disposable plastic devices. Included is an overview of the common methods used in the fabrication of polymer microfluidic systems, including replica and injection molding, embossing, and laser ablation. Also described are the different methods by which on-chip(More)
With advances in III-V nitride manufacturing processes, high-power light-emitting diode (LED) chips in the blue and UV wavelengths are now commercially available at reasonable cost and can be used as excitation sources in optical sensing. We describe the use of these high-power blue and UV LEDs for sensitive fluorescence detection, including chip-based flow(More)
This paper demonstrates the ability to use capillary electrophoresis (CE) separation coupled with laser-induced fluorescence for analyzing the contents of single femtoliter-volume aqueous droplets. A single droplet was formed using a T-channel (3 microm wide by 3 microm tall) connected to microinjectors, and then the droplet was fluidically moved to an(More)
A new technique for polymer microchannel surface modification, called in-channel atom-transfer radical polymerization, has been developed and applied in the surface derivatization of thermoset polyester (TPE) microdevices with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electroosmotic flow (EOF), and contact angle measurements indicate(More)
This paper describes a microfluidic platform for the on-demand generation of multiple aqueous droplets, with varying chemical contents or chemical concentrations, for use in droplet based experiments. This generation technique was developed as a complement to existing techniques of continuous-flow (streaming) and discrete-droplet generation by enabling the(More)
This paper presents a simple procedure for the fabrication of thermoset polyester (TPE) microfluidic systems and discusses the properties of the final devices. TPE chips are fabricated in less than 3 h by casting TPE resin directly on a lithographically patterned (SU-8) silicon master. Thorough curing of the devices is obtained through the combined use of(More)
Plastics are increasingly being used for the fabrication of Lab-on-a-Chip devices due to the variety of beneficial material properties, affordable cost, and straightforward fabrication methods available from a range of different types of plastics. Rapid prototyping of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) devices has become a well-known process for the quick and easy(More)
Thermoset polyester (TPE) microfluidic devices were previously developed as an alternative to poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) devices, fabricated similarly by replica molding, yet offering stable surface properties and good chemical compatibility with some organics that are incompatible with PDMS. This paper describes a number of improvements in the(More)
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