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Transglutaminase-induced epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)lysine bonds covalently cross-link and polymerize peptides into insoluble high molecular weight protein aggregates resistant to degradation and proteolytic digestion. We investigated the hypothesis that excessive deposition of epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)lysine bonds is a neuropathological mechanism which induces(More)
Cortical and striatal perinuclear cytoplasmic aggregates and intranuclear inclusions of mutant huntingtin are neuropathological hallmarks of Huntington disease (HD). Although the mechanisms involved in the formation of these aggregates are unclear, a recent hypothesis implicates cross-linking of mutant huntingtin protein into aggregates by transglutaminase.(More)
The most prominent neuropathologic hallmarks of Huntington disease (HD) are cortical and striatal perinuclear cytoplasmic aggregates and intranuclear inclusions of mutant huntingtin. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that huntingtin protein colocalizes with transglutaminase 2 and its product, the epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)lysine bond in intranuclear(More)
Striatal and cortical intranuclear inclusions and cytoplasmic aggregates of mutant huntingtin are prominent neuropathological hallmarks of Huntington's disease (HD). We demonstrated previously that transglutaminase 2 cross-links mutant huntingtin in cells in culture and demonstrated the presence of transglutaminase-catalyzed cross-links in the HD cortex(More)
An imbalance between serotonin-2A (5-HT2A) and 5-HT1A receptors may underlie several mood disorders. The present studies determined whether 5-HT2A receptors interact with 5-HT1A receptors in the rat hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). The sensitivity of the hypothalamic 5-HT1A receptors was measured as oxytocin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)(More)
Transglutaminase-catalyzed epsilon(gamma-glutamyl)lysine cross-links exist in Alzheimer's disease (AD) paired helical filament (PHF) tau protein but not normal soluble tau. To test the hypothesis that these cross-links could play a role in the formation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), we used single- and double-label immunofluorescence confocal microscopy(More)
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