Gina M Turco

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Unlike in mammals, plants rapidly delete functionless, nonrepetitive DNA from their genomes. Following paleopolyploidies, duplicate genes are deleted by intrachromosomal recombination. This may explain how flowering plants have survived multiple whole genome duplications. Genes are disproportionately lost from one parental subgenome, the subgenome that is(More)
The plant cell wall is an important factor for determining cell shape, function and response to the environment. Secondary cell walls, such as those found in xylem, are composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin and account for the bulk of plant biomass. The coordination between transcriptional regulation of synthesis for each polymer is complex and(More)
We assessed the effects of neurokinin (tachykinin) depletion by capsaicin (CAP) treatment on airway inflammation induced by repeated ovalbumin (OA) aerosol exposures (twice a week for 4 wk) in guinea pigs. The animals were then anesthetized, tracheostomized, mechanically ventilated and challenged with ovalbumin aerosol. Maximal values of respiratory system(More)
Conserved non-coding sequences (CNS) are islands of non-coding sequence that, like protein coding exons, show less divergence in sequence between related species than functionless DNA. Several CNSs have been demonstrated experimentally to function as cis-regulatory regions. However, the specific functions of most CNSs remain unknown. Previous searches for(More)
The steroid and xenobiotic receptor (SXR) is a broad-specificity nuclear hormone receptor that is highly expressed in the liver and intestine, where its primary function is to regulate drug and xenobiotic metabolism. SXR is expressed at lower levels in other tissues, where little is known about its physiological functions. We previously linked SXR with(More)
Several 4-nitro- and 4-amino-5-acyl-6-aryl-3(2H)pyridazinones were prepared and their in vitro and ex vivo antiaggregatory properties were evaluated. 4-Nitro derivatives 3 generally showed good activity in vitro towards arachidonic acid (AA)-induced human blood platelet aggregation. The 4-amino compound 4a, which has weak in vitro activity, exhibited(More)
Tissue-specific gene expression is often thought to arise from spatially restricted transcriptional cascades. However, it is unclear how expression is established at the top of these cascades in the absence of pre-existing specificity. We generated a transcriptional network to explore how transcription factor expression is established in the Arabidopsis(More)
Spatiotemporal regulation of transcription is fine-tuned at multiple levels, including chromatin compaction. Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) catalyzes the trimethylation of Histone 3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3), which is the hallmark of a repressive chromatin state. Multiple PRC2 complexes have been reported in Arabidopsis thaliana to control the(More)
Plant secondary cell walls constitute the majority of plant biomass. They are predominantly found in xylem cells, which are derived from vascular initials during vascularization. Little is known about these processes in grass species despite their emerging importance as biomass feedstocks. The targeted biofuel crop Sorghum bicolor has a sequenced and(More)