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L-N6-(1-Iminoethyl)lysine (L-NIL) has been synthesized and is shown to be both a potent and selective inhibitor of mouse inducible nitric oxide synthase (miNOS). L-NIL has an IC50 of 3.3 microM for miNOS compared to an IC50 of 92 microM for rat brain constitutive NOS indicating that L-NIL is 28-fold more selective for inducible NOS.(More)
Adjuvant-induced arthritis is a model of chronic inflammation that exhibits several pathological changes similar to those occurring in rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease in humans characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints. We have examined the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in producing the pathological changes associated with(More)
A series of 2-iminoazaheterocycles have been prepared and shown to be potent inhibitors of human nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms. This series includes cyclic amidines ranging from five- to nine-membered rings, of which 2-iminopiperidine and 2-iminohomopiperidine were the most potent inhibitors, with IC50 values of 1.0 and 2.0 microM, respectively, for(More)
SphK (sphingosine kinase) is the major source of the bioactive lipid and GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor) agonist S1P (sphingosine 1-phosphate). S1P promotes cell growth, survival and migration, and is a key regulator of lymphocyte trafficking. Inhibition of S1P signalling has been proposed as a strategy for treatment of inflammatory diseases and cancer.(More)
A series of analogues of 2-iminopiperidine have been prepared and shown to be potent inhibitors of the human nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms. Methyl substitutions on the 4-position (3) or 4- and 6-positions (8) afforded the most potent analogues. These compounds exhibited IC50 values of 0.1 and 0.08 microM, respectively, for hiNOS inhibition.(More)
Identification of potent and selective inhibitors of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is of great interest because of their therapeutic potential for treatment of diseases mediated by excess production of nitric oxide. We present here a comparison of potency and selectivity for amino acid and nonamino acid based compounds as inhibitors of human(More)
(3S,4S,5R)-2-Imino-4-methyl-5-pentyl-3-pyrrolidinol hydrochloride (1) is a potent inducible nitric oxide synthase (i-NOS) inhibitor that has three times the selectivity of its parent, (+)-cis-4-methyl-5-pentylpyrrolidin-2-imine hydrochloride (2).
The 5-tetrazole amide of L-N(6)-(1-iminoethyl)lysine (L-NIL), L-N(6)-(1-iminoethyl)lysine 5-tetrazole amide (1), has been prepared and evaluated. In contrast to L-NIL, 1 is a stable, nonhygroscopic, crystalline solid. Unlike L-NIL, 1 has minimal inhibitory activity in vitro on human inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). However, it is rapidly converted in(More)
Inhibition of mPGES-1, the terminal enzyme in the arachidonic acid/COX pathway to regulate the production of pro-inflammatory prostaglandin PGE2, is considered an attractive new therapeutic target for safe and effective anti-inflammatory drugs. The discovery of a novel series of orally active, selective benzoxazole piperidinecarboxamides as mPGES-1(More)