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A 2 1/4-year prospective study of children suffering head injury is described. Three groups of children were studied: (a) 31 children with 'severe' head injuries resulting in a post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) of at least 7 days; (b) an individually matched control group of 28 children with hospital-treated orthopaedic injuries; and (c) 29 children with 'mild'(More)
A 2 1/4-year prospective study of children suffering head injury is described. Three groups of children were studied: (a) 31 children with 'severe' head injuries resulting in a post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) of at least 7 days; (b) an individually matched control group of 28 children with hospital treated orthopaedic injuries; and (c) 29 children with 'mild'(More)
The distribution of transferrin receptors (TR) has been studied in a range of normal and malignant tissues using four monoclonal antibodies, BK19.9, B3/25, T56/14 and T58/1. In normal tissues TR was found in a limited number of sites, notably basal epidermis, the endocrine pancreas, hepatocytes, Kupffer cells, testis and pituitary. This restricted pattern(More)
Prediction of tumour response before onset of treatment could have considerable clinical benefit. Since the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of a tumour's water content can show the extent of necrosis, we looked for a possible correlation of ADC with response to treatment. We measured mean tumour water ADC before and after chemotherapy and(More)
Histopathological audit of positive circumferential resection margins (CRMs) can be used as a surrogate measure of the success of rectal cancer treatment. We audited CRM involvement in rectal cancer patients and the impact of the multidisciplinary team (MDT) on implementing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based preoperative treatment strategy. Data were(More)
In rectal cancer, preoperative staging should identify early tumours suitable for treatment by surgery alone and locally advanced tumours that require therapy to induce tumour regression from the potential resection margin. Currently, local staging can be performed by digital rectal examination (DRE), endoluminal ultrasound (EUS) or magnetic resonance(More)
Colon cancer patients routinely undergo preoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning, but local staging is thought to be inaccurate. We aimed to determine if clinical outcome could be predicted from radiological features of the primary tumour. Consecutive patients at one hospital undergoing primary resection for colon cancer during 2000-2004 were(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to chemoradiation and surgery in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Patients with previously untreated primary rectal cancer, reviewed in a multidisciplinary meeting and considered to have locally advanced disease on the basis of physical examination and imaging(More)
Imaging biomarkers (IBs) are integral to the routine management of patients with cancer. IBs used daily in oncology include clinical TNM stage, objective response and left ventricular ejection fraction. Other CT, MRI, PET and ultrasonography biomarkers are used extensively in cancer research and drug development. New IBs need to be established either as(More)
The main unresolved issues with respect to the psychological sequelae of brain damage in childhood are noted, and the previous studies of children suffering head injury are critically reviewed. A new prospective study is described. Three groups of children were studied: (a) 31 children with "severe" head injuries resulting in a post-traumatic amnesia of at(More)