Gina Brown

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Prediction of tumour response before onset of treatment could have considerable clinical benefit. Since the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of a tumour's water content can show the extent of necrosis, we looked for a possible correlation of ADC with response to treatment. We measured mean tumour water ADC before and after chemotherapy and(More)
Histopathological audit of positive circumferential resection margins (CRMs) can be used as a surrogate measure of the success of rectal cancer treatment. We audited CRM involvement in rectal cancer patients and the impact of the multidisciplinary team (MDT) on implementing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based preoperative treatment strategy. Data were(More)
In rectal cancer, preoperative staging should identify early tumours suitable for treatment by surgery alone and locally advanced tumours that require therapy to induce tumour regression from the potential resection margin. Currently, local staging can be performed by digital rectal examination (DRE), endoluminal ultrasound (EUS) or magnetic resonance(More)
Colon cancer patients routinely undergo preoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning, but local staging is thought to be inaccurate. We aimed to determine if clinical outcome could be predicted from radiological features of the primary tumour. Consecutive patients at one hospital undergoing primary resection for colon cancer during 2000-2004 were(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to chemoradiation and surgery in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Patients with previously untreated primary rectal cancer, reviewed in a multidisciplinary meeting and considered to have locally advanced disease on the basis of physical examination and imaging(More)
Imaging biomarkers (IBs) are integral to the routine management of patients with cancer. IBs used daily in oncology include clinical TNM stage, objective response and left ventricular ejection fraction. Other CT, MRI, PET and ultrasonography biomarkers are used extensively in cancer research and drug development. New IBs need to be established either as(More)
BACKGROUND A metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with spacer is the best way to deliver bronchodilator therapy for treatment of acute asthma. In developing countries, commercially produced spacers are generally unavailable or too costly. We tested the efficacy of home-made spacers (500 mL plastic bottle, polystyrene cup) compared with a conventional spacer for(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of measurements of minimal distance from an invasive tumor to the anticipated circumferential resection margin in prediction of depth of extramural tumor spread in patients with rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Images from 168 consecutive pelvic MRI examinations of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Extramural venous invasion (EMVI) is a poor prognostic factor in rectal cancer and identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (mrEMVI). The clinical relevance of improvement in mrEMVI following neoadjuvant therapy is unknown. This study aimed to demonstrate that regression of mrEMVI following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) results in(More)
In this updated analysis of the EXPERT-C trial we show that, in magnetic resonance imaging-defined, high-risk, locally advanced rectal cancer, adding cetuximab to a treatment strategy with neoadjuvant CAPOX followed by chemoradiotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant CAPOX is not associated with a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival(More)