Gina Brown

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Prediction of tumour response before onset of treatment could have considerable clinical benefit. Since the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of a tumour's water content can show the extent of necrosis, we looked for a possible correlation of ADC with response to treatment. We measured mean tumour water ADC before and after chemotherapy and(More)
Histopathological audit of positive circumferential resection margins (CRMs) can be used as a surrogate measure of the success of rectal cancer treatment. We audited CRM involvement in rectal cancer patients and the impact of the multidisciplinary team (MDT) on implementing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based preoperative treatment strategy. Data were(More)
In rectal cancer, preoperative staging should identify early tumours suitable for treatment by surgery alone and locally advanced tumours that require therapy to induce tumour regression from the potential resection margin. Currently, local staging can be performed by digital rectal examination (DRE), endoluminal ultrasound (EUS) or magnetic resonance(More)
Colon cancer patients routinely undergo preoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning, but local staging is thought to be inaccurate. We aimed to determine if clinical outcome could be predicted from radiological features of the primary tumour. Consecutive patients at one hospital undergoing primary resection for colon cancer during 2000-2004 were(More)
Imaging biomarkers (IBs) are integral to the routine management of patients with cancer. IBs used daily in oncology include clinical TNM stage, objective response and left ventricular ejection fraction. Other CT, MRI, PET and ultrasonography biomarkers are used extensively in cancer research and drug development. New IBs need to be established either as(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to chemoradiation and surgery in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Patients with previously untreated primary rectal cancer, reviewed in a multidisciplinary meeting and considered to have locally advanced disease on the basis of physical examination and imaging(More)
BACKGROUND A metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with spacer is the best way to deliver bronchodilator therapy for treatment of acute asthma. In developing countries, commercially produced spacers are generally unavailable or too costly. We tested the efficacy of home-made spacers (500 mL plastic bottle, polystyrene cup) compared with a conventional spacer for(More)
Lymphadenopathy is common, affecting patients of all ages. The current referral pattern for investigating patients with lymphadenopathy varies widely with no universally practised pathway. Our institution set up a lymph node diagnostic clinic (LNDC) accepting direct referrals from primary care physicians. Details of clinical presentation and investigations(More)
BACKGROUND Extramural venous invasion (EMVI) is a poor prognostic factor in rectal cancer and identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (mrEMVI). The clinical relevance of improvement in mrEMVI following neoadjuvant therapy is unknown. This study aimed to demonstrate that regression of mrEMVI following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) results in(More)
The improvements in outcomes associate with the use of preoperative therapy rather than postoperative treatment means that clinical teams are increasingly reliant on imaging to identify high-risk features of disease to determine treatment plans. For many solid tumours, including rectal cancer, validated techniques have emerged in identifying prognostic(More)