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Pain sensitivity reflects a balance between pain facilitatory and inhibitory systems. To characterize the relationships between these systems we examined the interactions between the analgesic effects of morphine and the anti-analgesic effects of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1). We report that administration of a neutral dose of IL-1beta(More)
  • G Wolf
  • 1982
The salt appetite of the rat is useful for studying certain behavioral and neurological functions. A refined method for inducing and measuring salt appetite for these purposes is described, and the efficiency and reliability of the procedures are demonstrated by parametric studies comparing the appetite behaviors of male and female rats. The method for(More)
Many neurotransmitters involved in pain perception transmit signals via G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). GPCR kinase 2 (GRK2) regulates agonist-induced desensitization and signaling of multiple GPCRs and interacts with downstream molecules with consequences for signaling. In general, low GRK2 levels are associated with increased responses to agonist(More)
The cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in modulation of pain perception under various inflammatory conditions. The present study examined the hypothesis that IL-1 signaling is also involved in pain sensitivity under normal, non-inflammatory states, using three mouse models of impaired IL-1 signaling: targeted deletion of the IL-1 receptor(More)
Peripheral nerve injury may lead to neuropathic pain, which is often associated with mechanical and thermal allodynia, ectopic discharge of from injured nerves and from the dorsal root ganglion neurons, and elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly interleukin-1 (IL-1). In the present study, we tested the role of IL-1 in neuropathic pain(More)
Postoperative incisional pain is characterized by persistent acute pain in the area of the cut, and is associated with release of proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1 (IL-1), which play important hyperalgesic and allodynic roles in various inflammatory conditions. In the present study, we tested the role of IL-1 signaling in postoperative(More)
There is evidence in the literature that has been taken to show that, unlike hunger and thirst, salt appetite cannot be satiated in the absence of salt taste stimulation. The present study showed that repletion of body sodium in the absence of taste stimulation, that is, by gavage, can diminish subsequent saline intake. The satiating effects of gavage(More)
Neuropathic pain is a chronic pain state resulting from peripheral nerve injury, characterized by hyperalgesia and allodynia. We have reported that mice with genetic impairment of IL-1 signaling display attenuated neuropathic pain behavior and ectopic neuronal activity. In order to substantiate the role of IL-1 in neuropathic pain, WT mice were implanted(More)