Gillian Smith

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OBJECTIVES We studied the prognostic implications of midwall fibrosis in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in a prospective longitudinal study. BACKGROUND Risk stratification of patients with nonischemic DCM in the era of device implantation is problematic. Approximately 30% of patients with DCM have midwall fibrosis as detected by late gadolinium-enhancement(More)
AIMS Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the cytochrome P450 enzyme 1A2 gene (CYP1A2) have been reported. Here, frequencies, linkage disequilibrium and phenotypic consequences of six SNPs are described. METHODS From genomic DNA, 114 British Caucasians (49 colorectal cancer cases and 65 controls) were genotyped for the CYP1A2 polymorphisms(More)
Susceptibility to colorectal cancer, one of the most common forms of cancer in the Western world, has been associated with several environmental and dietary risk factors. Dietary exposure to food derived heterocyclic amine carcinogens and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons have been proposed as specific risk factors. Many polymorphic Phase I and Phase II drug(More)
Colorectal cancer is one of the most significant causes of cancer death. A genetic model for colorectal cancer has been proposed in which the sequential accumulation of mutations in specific genes, including adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), Kirsten-ras (K-ras), and p53, drives the transition from healthy colonic epithelia through increasingly dysplastic(More)
Fast breath-hold cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) shows excellent results for interstudy reproducibility of left ventricular (LV) volumes, ejection fraction, and mass, which are thought to be superior to results of 2-dimensional echocardiography. However, there is no direct comparison of the interstudy reproducibility of both methods in the same(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess whether hyperenhancement by gadolinium cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) occurs in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and correlates with the risk of heart failure and sudden death. BACKGROUND The myocardial interstitium is abnormal in HCM at post-mortem. Focally increased interstitial myocardial space appears as(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of common skin diseases such as psoriasis is complicated by differences between individuals in response to topical drug treatment and photochemotherapy. Individuality in hepatic expression of drug-metabolising enzymes is an important determinant of systemic drug handling; we investigated whether similar variation in cutaneous gene(More)
Launchpad is an autonomous level generator that is based on a formal model of 2-D platformer level design. Levels are built out of small segments called “rhythm groups,” which are generated using a two-tiered, grammar-based approach. These segments are pieced together into complete levels that are then rated according to a set of design(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the relationship among biventricular hemodynamics, pulmonary regurgitant fraction (PRF), right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) aneurysm or akinesia, and baseline and surgical characteristics in adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). BACKGROUND The precise relationship of pulmonary regurgitation with biventricular(More)