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The functions of the low-affinity p75 nerve growth factor receptor (p75(NGFR)) in the central nervous system were explored in vivo. In normal mice, approximately 25 percent of the cholinergic basal forebrain neurons did not express TrkA and died between postnatal day 6 and 15. This loss did not occur in p75(NGFR)-deficient mice or in normal mice(More)
Equilibrium binding of 125I-nerve growth factor (125I-NGF) to cells coexpressing the tyrosine kinase receptor A (TrkA) and common neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), cells coexpressing both receptors where p75NTR is occupied, and cells expressing only p75NTR, revealed reciprocal modulation of receptor affinity states. Analysis of receptor affinity states in(More)
Neurotrophins are a family of proteins with pleiotropic effects mediated by two distinct receptor types, namely the Trk family, and the common neurotrophin receptor p75NTR. Binding of four mammalian neurotrophins, nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5), to p75NTR is studied(More)
The breast cancer predisposition gene BRCA2 encodes a protein involved in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks, which arise spontaneously and following exposure to ionizing radiation (IR). To develop a mouse model that examines the effect of BRCA2 mutation and IR exposure on in vivo somatic mutation acquisition, we crossed mice with targeted disruption of(More)
Of particular physiological interest, ascorbate, the ionized form of ascorbic acid, possesses strong reducing properties. However, it has been shown to induce oxidative stress and lead to apoptosis under certain experimental conditions. Ascorbate in the brain is released during hypoxia, including stroke, and is subsequently oxidized in plasma. The oxidized(More)
Ascorbate is a well-known reducing agent, but it can generate oxidative potential under appropriate condition. In rat cerebral cortex homogenate, 1 mM ascorbate decreased thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) content to 86% +/- 4% of control values, confirming that ascorbate is a reducing agent. However, ascorbate increased TBARS, in a(More)
Women heterozygous for mutations in the breast-cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 have a highly elevated risk of developing breast cancer [1]. BRCA1 and BRCA2 encode large proteins with no sequence similarity to one another. Although involvement in DNA repair and transcription has been suggested, it is still not understood how loss of function of(More)
Kindling, an animal model of epilepsy wherein seizures are induced by subcortical electrical stimulation, results in the upregulation of neurotrophin mRNA and protein in the adult rat forebrain and causes mossy fiber sprouting in the hippocampus. Intraventricular infusion of a synthetic peptide mimic of a nerve growth factor domain that interferes with the(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) are members of the neurotrophin family that normally play a role in the development and maintenance of the nervous system. However, neurotrophin dysregulation has been implicated in several neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's(More)
Loss of p53 function has been shown to cause increased resistance to ionizing radiation in normal murine cells; however, the role of p53 in radloresistance of human tumor cells is less clear. Since wild-type p53 function is required for radiation-induced G1 arrest, we measured G1 arrest in 12 human tumor cell lines that have a wide range of radiosen(More)