Gillian M. Mackay

Learn More
In response to tenacious stress signals, such as the unscheduled activation of oncogenes, cells can mobilize tumour suppressor networks to avert the hazard of malignant transformation. A large body of evidence indicates that oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) acts as such a break, withdrawing cells from the proliferative pool almost irreversibly, thus(More)
Macroautophagy (hereafter referred to as autophagy) is a process in which organelles termed autophagosomes deliver cytoplasmic constituents to lysosomes for degradation. Autophagy has a major role in cellular homeostasis and has been implicated in various forms of human disease. The role of autophagy in cancer seems to be complex, with reports indicating(More)
Tryptophan is metabolised primarily along the kynurenine pathway, of which two components are now known to have marked effects on neurons in the central nervous system. Quinolinic acid is an agonist at the population of glutamate receptors which are sensitive to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), and kynurenic acid is an antagonist at several glutamate receptors.(More)
Abnormalities in the kynurenine pathway may play a role in Huntington's disease (HD). In this study, tryptophan depletion and loading were used to investigate changes in blood kynurenine pathway metabolites, as well as markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in HD patients and healthy controls. Results showed that the kynurenine : tryptophan ratio was(More)
Inflammation and oxidative stress are involved in brain damage following stroke, and tryptophan oxidation along the kynurenine pathway contributes to the modulation of oxidative stress partly via the glutamate receptor agonist quinolinic acid and antagonist kynurenic acid, and via redox-active compounds such as 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid. We have confirmed(More)
AIM Since melatonin is antioxidant and has some anti-inflammatory actions, we have tested it as adjunctive treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, to determine whether it can improve patients' symptoms. METHODS A total of 75 patients were allocated randomly to receive melatonin 10 mg at night in addition to ongoing medication, or a placebo of(More)
1. Depression could result from changes in tryptophan availability caused by activation of the kynurenine pathway as a result of inflammation. In the present study, we examined patients newly diagnosed with depression to determine whether kynurenines and related factors change in parallel with improvements in mood. 2. Concentrations of 5-hydroxytryptamine(More)
In previous studies tryptophan loads have been administered to human subjects in order to raise central levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) and assess the effects of 5HT on behaviour and mood. However, tryptophan is metabolised primarily along the oxidative kynurenine pathway. In this study a 6 g oral tryptophan load was administered to 15 healthy(More)
C57BL/6J mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA develop neurological dysfunction and die within 7 days of infection. We show that treatment of infected mice with a kynurenine-3-hydroxylase inhibitor prevents them from developing neurological symptoms and extends their life span threefold until severe anemia develops.
A functional genomics study revealed that the activity of acetyl-CoA synthetase 2 (ACSS2) contributes to cancer cell growth under low-oxygen and lipid-depleted conditions. Comparative metabolomics and lipidomics demonstrated that acetate is used as a nutritional source by cancer cells in an ACSS2-dependent manner, and supplied a significant fraction of the(More)