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The endothelium plays a pivotal role in modulating the reactivity of vascular smooth muscle through the formation of several vasoactive substances. We examined the effects of endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilators on forearm blood flow in 29 patients with Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and in 21 control subjects, using venous(More)
Oxidative damage due to free radical production is increased in uraemic patients and has been suggested as a possible factor contributing to the anaemia of chronic renal failure (CRF) and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Oxidative stress was assessed in 40 patients with CRF maintained by either haemodialysis (HD) or continuous ambulatory peritoneal(More)
We investigated the effects of omega-3 fatty acids administration on endothelium-dependent vasodilation in patients > or =65 years old who received treatment for chronic heart failure (CHF). Twenty patients (mean age 73 years; 15 men) with grade II and III CHF who were on maximal medical management were recruited. Patients were randomized in a double-blind,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare enalapril 20 mg once daily with 10 mg twice daily in terms of blood pressure reduction and patient compliance. DESIGN Cross-over study of patients randomly assigned to a sequence of enalapril 20 mg once daily or 10 mg twice daily in three 4-week periods following a 4-week placebo run-in. SETTING General practices in the greater(More)
Use non-pharmacological measures in all hypertensive and borderline hypertensive people. Initiate antihypertensive drug therapy in people with sustained systolic blood pressures (BP) >/=160 mm Hg or sustained diastolic BP >/=100 mm Hg. Decide on treatment in people with sustained systolic BP between 140 and 159 mm Hg or sustained diastolic BP between 90 and(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired endothelium-mediated vasodilatation (EMVD) in congestive cardiac failure (CCF) has been linked to decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability because of its interaction with vascular superoxide (O2*-), derived predominantly from NAD(P)H-dependent oxidases. When uncoupled from essential cofactors, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension and diabetes are important independent risk factors for increased oxidative stress and increased cardiovascular risk. The combination of hypertension and diabetes results in a dramatic increase in cardiovascular risk. Enhanced oxidative stress in hypertension and diabetes is linked to decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability(More)
Decreased release of nitric oxide from damaged endothelium is responsible for the impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses found in animal models of vascular disease. Dietary supplementation with fish oils has been shown to augment endothelium-dependent relaxations, principally by improving the release of nitric oxide from injured endothelium.(More)