Gillian E Hardy

Learn More
Three related studies are presented focusing on the development of a short 32-item version of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP). Study 1 presents the procedures for item selection on the IIP short version; Study 2 presents a confirmatory analysis of the IIP short version on an independent sample; and Study 3 provides preliminary normative(More)
Criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement were applied to standard and individually tailored outcome measures data from 212 depressed clients who had been randomly assigned to receive either 8 or 16 sessions of time-limiting psychotherapy. The data were used to address 2 questions: (a) Is the dose-effect curve for psychological symptoms(More)
The aims of this study were: (1) to obtain a systematic estimate of the levels of fatigue in representative samples of the major occupational groups of health care workers; (2) to examine the relationship between fatigue and mental health as a function of occupational and work role factors; and (3) to test the proposition that fatigue arises from a(More)
A total of 117 depressed clients, stratified for severity, completed 8 or 16 sessions of manualized treatment, either cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CB) or psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy (PI). Each of 5 clinician-investigators treated clients in all 4 treatment conditions. On most measures, CB and PI were equally effective, irrespective of(More)
Sudden gains--large, enduring reductions in symptom intensity from one session to the next--were identified by T. Z. Tang and R. J. DeRubeis (1999b) on the basis of data from 2 manualized clinical trials of cognitive therapy for depression. The authors found similar sudden gains among clients with a variety of disorders treated with a variety of approaches(More)
OBJECTIVES We used a new instrument, the Agnew Relationship Measure (ARM), to examine the alliance's dimensionality and to construct scales for use in future studies. DESIGN We studied the alliance as reported on the ARM by both clients and therapists in the Second Sheffield Psychotherapy Project, a randomized comparison of two contrasting time-limited(More)
This study compared the impact of helpful and hindering events, as perceived by 40 clients, in two forms of psychotherapy: an exploratory, relationship-oriented therapy, and a prescriptive, cognitive/behavioural therapy. All clients received eight sessions of each type of treatment in a crossover design. Events were obtained by self-report both during and(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely suggested that many National Health Service (NHS) workers experience high levels of minor psychiatric disorder. However, inadequacies of sampling and measurement in studies to date have not allowed this suggestion to be properly evaluated. METHOD The present study was designed to overcome these methodological weaknesses by using a(More)
Twenty-seven of 114 depressed clients, stratified for severity of depression, obtained a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed.; DSM-III; American Psychiatric Association, 1980) diagnosis of Cluster C personality disorder--that is, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive or dependent personality disorder (PD clients)--whereas the remaining 87(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to use symptom intensity measures collected at each session (1) to describe the outcomes of clients who received cognitive therapy (CT) for depression in a clinically representative sample, and (2) to compare the outcomes of clients who completed the agreed number of sessions with those who did not. DESIGN AND METHOD(More)