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Three related studies are presented focusing on the development of a short 32-item version of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP). Study 1 presents the procedures for item selection on the IIP short version; Study 2 presents a confirmatory analysis of the IIP short version on an independent sample; and Study 3 provides preliminary normative(More)
Sudden gains--large, enduring reductions in symptom intensity from one session to the next--were identified by T. Z. Tang and R. J. DeRubeis (1999b) on the basis of data from 2 manualized clinical trials of cognitive therapy for depression. The authors found similar sudden gains among clients with a variety of disorders treated with a variety of approaches(More)
A substantial body of research has investigated the effects of work on the psychological well-being of employees. However, there has been little assessment of the ways in which workplace factors (such as job demands, working conditions, inter-personal relations and workplace change) interact with personal factors (such as work-life balance, family(More)
Of 76 clients receiving 8-20 sessions of cognitive therapy (CT) in a joint university and a national health service clinic, 31 experienced sudden gains that appeared very similar to those first reported in clinical trials of CT by T. Z. Tang and R. J. DeRubeis (1999) and subsequently replicated in other studies. The sudden gains appeared less stable in the(More)
OBJECTIVES We used a new instrument, the Agnew Relationship Measure (ARM), to examine the alliance's dimensionality and to construct scales for use in future studies. DESIGN We studied the alliance as reported on the ARM by both clients and therapists in the Second Sheffield Psychotherapy Project, a randomized comparison of two contrasting time-limited(More)
The aim of this research was to examine the relationship between therapist interventions and patient affect responses in Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (STDP). The Affect Experiencing subscale from the Achievement of Therapeutic Objectives Scale (ATOS) was adapted to measure individual immediate affect experiencing (I-AES) responses in relation to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the psychometric properties of the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) as an outcome measure for the Improving Access to Psychological Therapy programme, assessing its value as an addition to the Patient Health (PHQ-9) and Generalised Anxiety Disorder questionnaires (GAD-7). Little research has investigated these properties to(More)
OBJECTIVES Research on the process of psychological therapy aims to demonstrate how therapy works, partly to increase understanding, but primarily to increase effectiveness by pointing to the crucial ingredients which effect change. This paper aims to demonstrate some of the reasons why process research should be undertaken in the attempt to increase(More)
A total of 117 depressed clients, stratified for severity, completed 8 or 16 sessions of manualized treatment, either cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CB) or psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy (PI). Each of 5 clinician-investigators treated clients in all 4 treatment conditions. On most measures, CB and PI were equally effective, irrespective of(More)
The aims of this study were: (1) to obtain a systematic estimate of the levels of fatigue in representative samples of the major occupational groups of health care workers; (2) to examine the relationship between fatigue and mental health as a function of occupational and work role factors; and (3) to test the proposition that fatigue arises from a(More)