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Susceptibility to colorectal cancer, one of the most common forms of cancer in the Western world, has been associated with several environmental and dietary risk factors. Dietary exposure to food derived heterocyclic amine carcinogens and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons have been proposed as specific risk factors. Many polymorphic Phase I and Phase II drug(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure secondary to myocardial iron loading remains the leading cause of death in thalassemia major (TM). We used cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess the prevalence of myocardial iron overload and ventricular dysfunction in a large cohort of TM patients maintained on conventional chelation treatment with deferoxamine. (More)
Cytotoxic T cells (CTL) represent the major defense mechanism against the spread of virus infection. It is believed that the pore-forming protein, perforin, facilitates the entry of a series of serine proteases (particularly granzyme B) into the target cell which ultimately leads to DNA fragmentation and apoptosis. We demonstrate here that during(More)
The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that is involved in mammalian DNA double-strand break repair. The catalytic subunit of DNA-PK (DNA-PKcs) shares sequence homology in its kinase domain with phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase. Here, we provide a detailed kinetic analysis of DNA-PK inhibition by the PI 3-kinase(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of common skin diseases such as psoriasis is complicated by differences between individuals in response to topical drug treatment and photochemotherapy. Individuality in hepatic expression of drug-metabolising enzymes is an important determinant of systemic drug handling; we investigated whether similar variation in cutaneous gene(More)
BACKGROUND Response to EGFR-targeted therapies in colorectal cancer patients has been convincingly associated with Kirsten-Ras (K-Ras) mutation status. Current mandatory mutation testing for patient selection is limited to the K-Ras 'hotspot' codons 12 and 13. METHODS Colorectal tumours (n=106) were screened for additional K-Ras mutations, phenotypes(More)
BACKGROUND In thalassemia major (TM), severe cardiac siderosis can be treated by continuous parenteral deferoxamine, but poor compliance, complications and deaths occur. Combined chelation therapy with deferiprone and deferoxamine is effective for moderate myocardial siderosis, but has not been prospectively examined in severe myocardial siderosis. (More)
Reproducible and accurate myocardial T2* measurements are required for the quantification of iron in heart tissue in transfused thalassemia. The aim of this study was to determine the best method to measure the myocardial T2* from multi-gradient-echo data acquired both with and without black-blood preparation. Sixteen thalassemia patients from six centers(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need to standardise non-invasive measurements of liver iron concentrations (LIC) so clear inferences can be drawn about body iron levels that are associated with hepatic and extra-hepatic complications of iron overload. Since the first demonstration of an inverse relationship between biopsy LIC and liver magnetic resonance (MR) using a(More)